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Determination of formic-acid and acetic acid concentrations formed during hydrothermal treatment of birch wood and its relation to colour, strength and hardness
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7711-9267
2006 (English)In: Wood Science and Technology, ISSN 0043-7719, E-ISSN 1432-5225, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 549-561Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Formation of benzyl esters from acetic and formic acids during heat treatment of birch at 160-200°C has been studied by gas chromatography. High concentrations of formic and acetic acids formed by the wood itself during hydrothermal treatment were found. The concentrations of acids increased with both treatment time and temperature. The maximum formic- and acetic acid concentrations found at 180°C and after 4 h of treatment performed in this work were 1.1 and 7.2%, based on dry-weight wood, respectively. The treated wood material was characterised by mechanical testing [bending tests perpendicular to the grain, modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, Brinell hardness, impact bending and colour measurements (CIE colour space)]. The experiments, where high concentration of acids was formed, showed severe losses in mass and mechanical strength. Indications of possible enhanced mechanical properties for the treated, compared with untreated birch wood were found around 180-200°C at short treatment times. This paper discusses possible degradation reactions coupled with the colour and mechanical properties in relation to acid formation, and suggestions for process optimisations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 40, no 7, p. 549-561
National Category
Bio Materials
Research subject
Wood Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12639DOI: 10.1007/s00226-006-0071-zISI: 000240913700003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33749363273Local ID: bccb28b0-f765-11db-ac79-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-12639DiVA, id: diva2:985590
Note
Validerad; 2006; 20070430 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Sundqvist, BrorKarlsson, OlovWestermark, Ulla

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