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1D numerical simulation of velocity amplification of P-waves travelling through fractured rock near a free surface
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
Rock Mechanics and Mine Design, Canada.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9766-0106
2015 (English)In: The Southern African Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, ISSN 2225-6253, E-ISSN 1543-9518, Vol. 115, no 11, p. 1121-1126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The most widely used support design damage criterion for rockburst-prone mines is based upon kinetic energy, which is proportional to the square of the ejection velocity and is commonly expressed in terms of peak particle velocity (PPV). Field monitoring and back-analyses have shown that ejection velocities of the order of 10 m/s and higher can result from seismic events of moderate magnitude. Such velocities are much higher than those predicted using PPV obtained from scaling laws. It has also been found that the peak ground motion (i.e. PPV) on the surface of an excavation is preferentially amplified (by four-to tenfold) compared to the motion in solid rock at a similar distance from the source. However, the wave propagation and interaction processes involved within the fractured rock in generating high ground motion are very complex and are not well understood at this time. In this paper, velocity amplification was investigated by modelling the dynamic interaction between fractured rock and a free surface using a 2D discontinuum-based numerical program, UDEC (Universal Distinct Element Code). A 1D model with a fractured zone was used to represent the fractured rock. Velocity amplification, quantified by PPV, predicted at the free end of the model was 2.0-3.6 times higher than the input velocity. It was found that the wave frequency, fracture stiffness, fracture spacing, and thickness of fractured zone are the main factors that affect the velocity amplification. The results have proved that the interaction of the seismic wave and multiple fractures near the free surface strongly influences the ground motion

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 115, no 11, p. 1121-1126
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Mining and Rock Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-13622DOI: 10.17159/2411-9717/2015/v115n11a16Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84958700166Local ID: cdf51836-a58c-45da-9752-5ec40dab3a69OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-13622DiVA, id: diva2:986575
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160301 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-02-11Bibliographically approved

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Zhang, PingNordlund, Erling

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