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On the temporal relation of top-down and bottom-up mechanisms during guidance of attention
Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximillian University.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3323-7357
Department of Experimental and Biological Psychology, Philipps-University Marburg, Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximillian University.
2010 (English)In: Journal of cognitive neuroscience, ISSN 0898-929X, E-ISSN 1530-8898, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 640-654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two mechanisms are said to be responsible for guiding focal attention in visual selection: bottom-up, saliency-driven capture and top-down control. These mechanisms were examined with a paradigm that combined a visual search task with postdisplay probe detection. Two SOAs between the search display and probe onsets were introduced to investigate how attention was allocated to particular items at different points in time. The dynamic interplay between bottom-up and top-down mechanisms was investigated with ERP methodology. ERPs locked to the search displays showed that top-down control needed time to develop. N2pc indicated allocation of attention to the target item and not to the irrelevant singleton. ERPs locked to probes revealed modulations in the P1 component reflecting top-down control of focal attention at the long SOA. Early bottom-up effects were observed in the error rates at the short SOA. Taken together, the present results show that the top-down mechanism takes time to guide focal attention to the relevant target item and that it is potent enough to limit bottom-up attentional capture

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 22, no 4, p. 640-654
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14026DOI: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21222Local ID: d590130c-d436-47b1-9862-5ac24ef8045bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-14026DiVA, id: diva2:986980
Note
Upprättat; 2010; 20160707 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Wykowska, Agnieszka

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