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Democracy, development and the marine environment: A global time-series investigation
Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5491-8819
Göteborgs universitet, Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg.
Department of Political Science, University of Gothenburg.
2015 (English)In: Ocean and Coastal Management, ISSN 0964-5691, E-ISSN 1873-524X, Vol. 105, p. 25-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Is democracy favorable or adverse for the management of marine resources? While some studies find democracy to increase the likelihood of achieving sustainable development, others propose that democracy rather has negative effects on the environment. This paper contributes explicitly to this debate, but also adds insights from research arguing that the effects of democracy are conditioned by surrounding institutions. Building on this literature, we argue that the way democracy works – whether it is an instrument for collective action beneficial to the environment or an instrument for patronage and clientelism – depends on levels of economic development. The overall objective of the article is to test this proposition empirically. Employing time-series cross-section analysis and using Marine Trophic Index as a proxy for the health of marine ecosystems, we investigate the impact of democracy on the marine environment in a global sample from 1972 to 2006. The analysis provides interesting insights regarding the conditional role of economic development. We report negative effects of democracy in low income settings, but find that this pattern is reversed when economic development has reached a certain threshold. Finally, we discuss how democracy affects the prospects for sustainable development and based on our conclusions offer suggestions for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 105, p. 25-34
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14524DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.12.023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84920183029Local ID: de418805-ccff-4ffd-9c7e-ee9f7a9a071aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-14524DiVA, id: diva2:987497
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150107 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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