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Properties of as-prepared and freeze-dried hydrogels made from poly(vinyl alcohol) and cellulose nanocrystals using freeze-thaw technique
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7282-9841
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1776-2725
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4762-2854
Number of Authors: 32016 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 81, p. 386-396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Poly(vinyl alcohol), PVA hydrogels are potential materials for biomedical and biotechnogical applications. However, their low mechanical properties restrict their use. In this study, the effect of PVA concentration, addition of nanocrystalline cellulose, CNC, number of freeze-thaw cycles and freeze-drying stage on properties of resulting hydrogels were investigated. The results showed that increase in PVA concentration and the addition of CNC improved the compressive properties of the hydrogels. Overall, increase in number of freeze-thaw cycles from 3 to 5 did not show any improvements in properties of hydrogels. Concentration of PVA had great effect on morphology of freeze-dried hydrogels. The CNC reduced crystallinity of PVA/CNC hydrogels as compared to PVA hydrogels. Rehydrated PVA and PVA/CNC hydrogels had higher compressive characteristics than their as-prepared analogues. In general, an improvement of compressive properties of hydrogels was achieved via reduction of their water content. In case of 5% PVA hydrogel, an addition of CNC was found to be beneficial because it increased degree of swelling and water content on rehydration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 81, p. 386-396
National Category
Bio Materials
Research subject
Wood and Bionanocomposites
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14847DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2016.06.028ISI: 000381329300034Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84977159774Local ID: e4456c3a-c6a0-48cf-92be-aa0df242556aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-14847DiVA, id: diva2:987820
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160630 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Butylina, SvetlanaGeng, ShiyuOksman, Kristiina

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