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Beliefs about the minds of others influence how we process sensory information
Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3323-7357
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität.
Neuro-Cognitive Psychology Master Program, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich.
Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich.
2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 4, article id e94339Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attending where others gaze is one of the most fundamental mechanisms of social cognition. The present study is the first to examine the impact of the attribution of mind to others on gaze-guided attentional orienting and its ERP correlates. Using a paradigm in which attention was guided to a location by the gaze of a centrally presented face, we manipulated participants' beliefs about the gazer: gaze behavior was believed to result either from operations of a mind or from a machine. In Experiment 1, beliefs were manipulated by cue identity (human or robot), while in Experiment 2, cue identity (robot) remained identical across conditions and beliefs were manipulated solely via instruction, which was irrelevant to the task. ERP results and behavior showed that participants' attention was guided by gaze only when gaze was believed to be controlled by a human. Specifically, the P1 was more enhanced for validly, relative to invalidly, cued targets only when participants believed the gaze behavior was the result of a mind, rather than of a machine. This shows that sensory gain control can be influenced by higher-order (task-irrelevant) beliefs about the observed scene. We propose a new interdisciplinary model of social attention, which integrates ideas from cognitive and social neuroscience, as well as philosophy in order to provide a framework for understanding a crucial aspect of how humans' beliefs about the observed scene influence sensory processing

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 4, article id e94339
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15885DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094339Local ID: f73c00be-2bf1-4221-aa13-99519678002eOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-15885DiVA, id: diva2:988861
Note
Upprättat; 2014; 20160613 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Wykowska, Agnieszka

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