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Solid Waste Generation and Characterization
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7158-4662
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Geovetenskap och miljöteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4025-9071
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012, s. 10000-10013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Waste is generated in all processes. According to the laws of thermodynamics , materials and energy can be transformed but never destroyed. Even if material is substantially transformed, all matter which is introduced in any kind of process will come out of the process in exactly the same number of kilograms, either as products, by-products , or waste. Waste may be solid, liquid, or gaseous. In many cases, gaseous waste is a dominating outflow when processing solid matter. However, the focus in this article is on solid waste.Waste is often perceived as the remains from consumption. However, the major part of all solid waste is generated already by consumers' demand for products, i.e., before the products were consumed and thrown away. In general, the extraction of natural resources and industrial production processes produce massively more solid waste than the consumer products amount to, e.g., about 20 times according to European waste data [14]. As material flows through society, waste is formed in each step, as illustrated in Fig. 1. The material wastes can either end up in landfills or they can be dispersed in water, air, or soil. The dispersion in liquid phases typically exits the material from the waste management domain and turns it into pollution, albeit solid wastes can also form pollution, such as the floating plastic of the oceans.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012. s. 10000-10013
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-20167DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_110Lokalt ID: 2854ae48-bdca-4fc8-971c-c896a8de0cf6ISBN: 978-0-387-89469-0 (tryckt)ISBN: 978-1-4419-0851-3 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-20167DiVA, id: diva2:993211
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Godkänd; 2012; 20150130 (lido)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-15Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lagerkvist, AndersDahlén, Lisa

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