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System studies of forest-based biomass gasification
2012 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Bioenergy will play an important role in reaching the EU targets for renewable energy. Sweden, with abundant forest resources and a well-established forest industry, has a key position regarding modern biomass use. Biomass gasification (BMG) offers several advantages compared to biomass combustion-based processes, the most prominent being the possibility for downstream conversion to motor fuels (biofuels), and the potential for higher electrical efficiency if used for electricity generation in a biomass integrated gasification combined cycle (BIGCC). BMG-based processes in general have a considerable surplus of heat, which facilitates integration with district heating or industrial processes. In this thesis integration of large-scale BMG, for biofuel or electricity production, with other parts of the energy system is analysed. Focus is on forest-based biomass, with the analysis including techno-economic aspects as well as considerations regarding effects on global fossil CO2 emissions. The analysis has been done using two approaches – bottom-up with detailed case studies of BMG integrated with local systems, and top-down with BMG studied on a European scale. The results show that BMG-based biofuel or electricity production can constitute economically interesting alternatives for integration with district heating or pulp and paper production. However, due to uncertainties concerning future energy market conditions and due to the large capital commitment of investment in BMG technology, forceful economic support policies will be needed if BMG is a desired route for the future energy system, unless oil and electricity prices are high enough to provide sufficient incentives for BMG-based biofuel or electricity production. While BMG-based biofuel production could make integration with either district heating or pulp and paper production economically attractive, BIGCC shows considerably more promise if integrated with pulp and paper production than with district heating. Bioenergy use is often considered CO2-neutral, because uptake in growing plants is assumed to fully balance the CO2 released when the biomass is combusted. As one of the alternatives in this thesis, biomass is viewed as limited. This means that increased use of bioenergy in one part of the energy system limits the amount of biomass available for other applications, thus increasing the CO2 emissions for those applications. The results show that when such marginal effects of increased biomass use are acknowledged, the CO2 mitigation potential for BMG-based biofuel production becomes highly uncertain. In fact, most of the BMG-based biofuel cases studied in this thesis would lead to an increase rather than the desired decrease of global CO2 emissions, when considering biomass as limited.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. , s. 79
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1429
Nationell ämneskategori
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25845Lokalt ID: b6906fbc-ff9b-407b-92bd-95d22ce12be4ISBN: 978-91-7519-955-9 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-25845DiVA, id: diva2:999002
Anmärkning
Upprättat; 2012; 20131218 (eliwet)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-30 Skapad: 2016-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:488688

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Wetterlund, Elisabeth

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