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Interference monitoring for GNSS bands in indoor and urban environments
University of Leeds.
Advanced Digital Institute.
University of Leeds.
University of Leeds.
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2007 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation: ION GNSS 2007, Institute of Navigation, The , 2007, Vol. 4, p. 1211-1220Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A collaborative research project between the University of Leeds and Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, has taken place aiming to characterize the man-made noise in urban and indoor environments in the Galileo allocated frequency bands: E5 (1191.795 ± 25.575 MHz), E6 (1278.75 ± 20 MHz), and L1 (1575.42 ± 16 MHz), obviously, also covering the GPS L1 and L5 bands. This project has been co-funded by the European GNSS Supervisory Authority (EGSA), with funding from the 6th Framework Program of the European Community for research and technological development. The project includes the development of two receiver systems: the first instrument is based on the use of a spectrum analyzer (SA-based instrument), a wideband GNSS antenna, and a front-end capable of capturing each Galileo band separately using appropriate filtering and switches. The second instrument addresses the issues of cost and portability, providing interference detection and alarm triggering without the need for complex instrument. This is accomplished using low cost components in a small form factor where the instrument is based on a core GNSS front-end. This instrument will only cover the L1/E1 band. The interference measurement is obtained by combining the information from the automatic gain control (AGC) voltage that controls the AGC amplifier gain and the spectrum analysis of the analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) output raw data. The AGC information will be very important for detecting the presence of wideband interference signals where this will be difficult using spectrum analysis (in contrast to the case to narrowband interference signals). Control and data logging from both instruments are performed using a laptop computer where the spectrum analyzer traces and the FE-based instrument data are recorded for offline analysis via a suite of MATLAB® scripts. This paper describes the spectrum survey conducted at various indoor and urban locations, operationally significant to GNSS, in the North of the UK. The survey sites were selected to obtain geographically diverse measurement results and provide a general representation of the spectral environment. In addition, the temporal variation of man-made noise (MMN) is considered, this latter being correlated with the human activity at the measurement site, by performing the measurements day and night, weekdays and weekends.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Navigation, The , 2007. Vol. 4, p. 1211-1220
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26872Local ID: 0218cb40-f6d1-11dd-a85e-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-26872DiVA, id: diva2:1000052
Conference
International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation : 24/09/2007 - 28/09/2007
Note

Godkänd; 2007; 20090209 (ysko)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved

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