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Stabilization of CCA-contaminated soil with iron products: a field experiment
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1442-1573
2005 (English)In: Kalmar ECO-TECH '05: conference on waste to energy, bioremediation and leachate treatment : the Second Baltic symposium on environmental chemistry : the First Kalmar nanotechnology workshop / [ed] William Hogland, Högskolan i Kalmar, 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Chemical stabilization of metals is lately considered as a possible pretreatment for soil contaminated with average levels of trace elements. The element mobility in soil can be altered by adding soil amendments that can adsorb, complex, or co-precipitate trace elements. As a consequence, pollutant spreading from the contaminated soil and effect on the recipient can be reduced. The different contaminants originating from wood impregnation chemicals, e.g. Cu, Cr, and As limit the choice of amendments because e.g. large pH fluctuations and consequent mobilization of Cu or As should be avoided. The results show that the leaching of arsenic is lowest in the lysimeter with 15% Fe3O4. In both lysimeters with untreated soil and with 1% Fe0, the arsenic leaching seems to decrease with the sampling depth. The leaching of copper is generally low. Further the addition of iron seems to increase the leaching of manganese and nickel but to reduce the leaching of zinc. Results from the laboratory experiment show that the arsenic content in the leachate is lowest with the highest mixture of magnetite. Mixing is one of the key issues when discussing the treatment efficiency and possible use of the treated soil. The results so far indicate that magnetite can be used for treatment of CCA contaminated soil also at a large scale. Reduction of both arsenic and copper using a single amendment is challenging as they behave opposite. Magnetite seems to be a promising amendment even though a high amount of amendment needs to be added. Moreover, the potential establishment of reducing conditions at larger depths in the soil is of concern since this might lead to a rapid increase in arsenic leaching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan i Kalmar, 2005.
Series
RVF:s utvecklingssatsning deponering. Rapport, ISSN 1403-8617 ; 2005:3
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-29451Local ID: 2ef840c0-153e-11dd-b7d2-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-29451DiVA, id: diva2:1002675
Conference
Baltic Symposium on Environmental Chemistry : 28/11/2005 - 30/11/2005
Note
Godkänd; 2005; 20080428 (soli)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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