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Towards a safe environment for children and elderly as pedestrians and cyclists: synthesis based on an analysis of video recordings of behaviour and police-reported crashes including in-depth studies of fatalities
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6075-9885
University of Maine.
2004 (English)In: Traffic and transport psychology : theory and application: proceedings of the ICTTP 2004 / [ed] Geoffrey Underwood, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Children frequently lack the ability to correctly direct and maintain their attention on traffic, to judge speeds, and localize sounds. Compared to adults, they also have more limited cones of visions, less capacity to perform multiple tasks simultaneously, and less ability to control their impulses. Elderly people because of the ageing process sometimes lack the ability to correctly comprehend the traffic situation. Therefore special attention has to be given to the design of the traffic environment for children and elderly. Based on a literature review, a number of hypotheses are formulated to describe factors that are crucial for crashes involving children and elderly. Swedish and Finnish in-depth studies of crashes, police reported crashes and data describing 11 738 video filmed pedestrian and bicyclist passages have been analyzed to test these hypotheses. The factors that contributed to the crashes are identified and a set of principles to eliminate these causes are proposed when designing urban traffic environments for children and elderly. The main principle proposed is that the actual vehicle speeds should be no more than 30 km/h wherever children or elderly cross streets. Complementary countermeasures are proposed for children and elderly to see and be seen and to improve orientation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2004.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-30219Local ID: 3fa2f460-4815-11dd-a9fb-000ea68e967bISBN: 0-08-044379-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-30219DiVA, id: diva2:1003446
Conference
International Conference of Traffic and Transport Psychology : 05/09/2004 - 09/09/2004
Note

Godkänd; 2004; 20080702 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(225 kB)48 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Johansson, CharlottaLeden, Lars

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CiteExportLink to record
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