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Elderly people and mobile telephone use: effects on driver behaviour?
Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, VTI.
1991 (English)In: Proceedings of the Conference Strategic Highway Research Program and Traffic Safety on Two Continents: in Gothenburg, Sweden, September 18-20, 1991, Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, VTI , 1991, Vol. 3, p. 117-133Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The effects of a mobile telephone conversation on driving were studied in the advanced driving simulator at VTI. Twenty subjects, 10 men and 10 women, between 60 and 71 years and 20 subjects, also 10 men and 10 women, between 23 and 58 years participated in the study. The road the subjects drove could be characterized as 'easy'. It was straight and not expected to cause the subjects any problems with speed choice and steering strategy. The workload imposed on the subjects by the driving task was thus supposed to be very low. The telephone task included handling of the telephone and a conversation, containing a working memory part and a decision part. The handling task consisted of pushing the handsfree button to activate the telephone when it was calling. During the conversation the subjects were asked to listen to pre-recorded sentences and for each sentence to judge if they experienced it as 'sensible' or 'nonsense'. After a number of sentences they were required to recall the last word in each sentence, in the order they were presented. Effects are discussed based on hypotheses like: When drivers' are solving the telephone task: their ability to control the vehicle, for example keep a consistent lateral position, will deteriorate; their workload will increase, due to the addition of the telephone task, and lead to a reduction in speed; the hypothetical effects are predicted to be stronger for elderly people. Implications for traffic safety and for future in-car information systems are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, VTI , 1991. Vol. 3, p. 117-133
Series
VTI rapport, ISSN 0347-6030 ; 372A
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31938Local ID: 642f83d0-25a5-11dd-9e62-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-31938DiVA, id: diva2:1005172
Conference
Strategic Highway Research Program and Traffic Safety on Two Continents : 18/09/1991 - 20/09/1991
Note
Upprättat; 1991; Bibliografisk uppgift: P. 3, Operational roadway and workzone research, safety and mobility of older drivers; 20080519 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Alm, Håkan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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