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Optical detection of land mines at FOI
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2001 (English)In: Subsurface and Surface Sensing Technologies and Applications III: 30 July - 1 August 2001, San Diego, USA / [ed] Cam Nguyen, Bellingham, Wash: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents activities concerning optical detection of landmines at FOI, former FOA. The work is focused on the understanding of the origin of detectable optical signatures for choosing the most favorable conditions for detection. Measurements in test beds and calculations using a thermodynamic FEM model with conditions similar to those of the measurements are compared and interpreted in order to explain the behavior of the contrast. Examples will be given on modeling of buried landmines in soil. The heat flow as well as moisture flow has been taken into consideration. The diurnal heat exchange between the soil surface and the atmosphere generates the contrasts in the infrared images. Calculated temperature differences between the background and the surface above the buried object are compared to measured data from experiments. Results are presented and show how the temperature differences can vary over a 24-hour period. The variation depends on the weather at the time as well as the weather before the measurements started. Results from processing and analysis of temporal variations of optical signals from buried landmines and backgrounds are presented as well as their relation to weather parameters. A detection approach including the Likelihood Ratio Test (LRT) is presented. Some of the work has been carried out in an international cooperation project, Airborne Minefield Area Reduction (ARC). The objective is to develop, demonstrate and promote a new system for performing the UN Level 2 surveys allowing a quick reduction of suspected mine polluted areas and post cleaning quality control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bellingham, Wash: SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2001.
Series
, Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, ISSN 0277-786X ; 4491
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-34190DOI: 10.1117/12.450168ScopusID: 35763280Local ID: 85095240-f26a-11df-8b36-000ea68e967bISBN: 0-8194-4205-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-34190DiVA: diva2:1007440
Conference
Subsurface and Surface Sensing Technologies and Applications : 30/07/2001 - 30/07/2001
Note
Upprättat; 2001; 20101117 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30

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