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Dynamic groups - context-aware group communication
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.
2008 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As more and more people choose to live at home as they grow older the need for supportive environments increases. One of the identified needs is social interaction which can keep elders from becoming lonely and isolated. This need can be addressed by technology, but it has to be simple and intuitive to use, as the users may lack computer experience. The dynamic groups model is an attempt to solve this problem and provide users with context-aware group communication tools. A dynamic group model defines "group communication where the participants can be invited based on context and social networks in both physical and virtual settings". This model has similarities to existing communication solutions but dynamic groups offer new functionality such as automatic group formation based on predefined rules. This means a user could automatically be connected to a video-conference meeting with family members while eating breakfast, or be connected to healthcare personnel in the event of an accident.Dynamic groups utilize open standards for both context storage and decision support rules. This means it integrates into smart-environments and work together with other activity support services to provide better functionality. Furthermore it means that decision support rules can be tested and then shared with others for simple deployment. Setting up dynamic groups is then a matter of choosing between available rules, or creating new rules, which suit the user's needs. A user could for instance select rules like "breakfast with the family" or "notify healthcare personnel upon accidents". Furthermore, dynamic groups can be formed between co-located people in a simple manner. Through the user of for example Near Field Communication a group can be formed by reading a small tag. This could be quite useful for nurses who come to visit and wish to follow up on the house-call, or for the patient to help remember visitors, or even to talk to the visitors after they left. Dynamic groups make virtual social interaction simple and users are assisted in maintaining their social network through context-awareness and decision support rules.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject
Medical Engineering for Healthcare
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-34551Local ID: 8c5393d0-2d64-11dd-9c9b-000ea68e967bOAI: diva2:1007802
Health and Social Care Modelling Conference : 18/03/2008 - 20/03/2008
Godkänd; 2008; 20080529 (qwazi)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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Hallberg, Josef
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