Moisture movements during drying of green glued glulam beams from Norway spruce sideboards
2012 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
Form defects such as cup, crook, twist and bow, often causes low volumetric and economical yield in dried sideboards of Norway spruce. The high stiffness and density of sideboards, however, make them attractive to use as structural timber. The green gluing process i.e. gluing of unseasoned timber (with the subsequent drying) can make gluing of side boards efficient and can overcome the difficulties in utilization of side boards for structural applications.In present work, a study where computed tomography was used to monitor the drying process of a green glued glulam beam is presented. The beam had a dimension in cross-section of approximately 105×235 mm2 and consisted of eleven sideboards, planed and flat wise glued together with a 1-component polyurethane adhesive. After curing, and prior to drying, the beam was split into two halves, of approximate size of 50×235 mm2.The drying took place in a small drying kiln and computed tomography scanning was done every second hour throughout the drying process to get the density distribution in the beam. When the drying was finished the temperature in the kiln was increased to 103°C and kept for 24 hours, as to get a dry density reference. By use of an algorithm for subtracting the dry density, the moisture evaporation throughout the drying process could be estimated. Despite the harsh drying conditions, with a wet bulb depression of 10°C already from the start of the drying process, no formation of cracks or other quality problems could be seen in the process. Neither could any moisture gradient from the outer to the inner boards be detected.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Wood Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35143Local ID: 98ca122c-372e-4b78-8970-cb7865dfa381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-35143DiVA: diva2:1008395
International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference : 30/07/2012 - 03/08/2012
Godkänd; 2012; 20130904 (tomvik)2016-09-302016-09-30Bibliographically approved