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Cure kinetic behavior of light-cure dental composites
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.
Florida University.
2003 (English)Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate differences in cure kinetic behaviours of different photo and co-initiator systems used in dental light-cure composites. Method: A resin system (50 wt.% of bisGMA and 50 wt.% of TEGDMA) was mixed with either campherquinone (CQ) or 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione (PPD) as photo-initiator. N,N-dimethyl-p-aminobenzoic acid ethylester (DABE), N,N-cyanoethylmethylaniline (CEMA), N,N-diethanol-p-toluidine (DEPT) and 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) were used as co-initiators respectively. Complex cure behaviour of 24 experimental mixtures made from 2 photoinitiators, 4 co-initiators, 3 curing light/time was studied with differential Scanning Calorimetery (DSC). Six specimens of each composition were cured either with 800 mW/cm2 for 40 s, soft start curing for 60 s or LED for 40 s. The DSC results were analysed using ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test and regular t-test. Result: Rate of polymerisation was significantly (p<0.05) higher when materials were cured with 800 mW/cm2 compare to soft start and LED curing methods when the final degree of conversion values did not differ significantly (p>0.05). Compared to campherquinone, the photo-initiator PPD reduced the maximal DC% and rate of the polymerisation significantly (p<0.05). PPD was not a suitable photo-initiator when cured with LED since the blue spectra emitting from the used LED lamp does not cover the optimal activation wavelength for PPD properly. The highest DC% measured at the end of curing was for CQ & DABE 74%±1 cured with 800 mw/cm2 for 40s and the lowest was for PPD&DMAEMA 22%±1.1 when material was cured with LED for 40s. Use of DEPT resulted in significant decreases in degree of conversion (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that intrinsic slow cure might be obtained with certain compositions of photo & co-initiators and curing methods without impairing the final extent of degree polymerzation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. no Suppl.
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35383Local ID: 9e6821f0-f89e-11df-8b95-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-35383DiVA: diva2:1008636
Conference
General Session of International Association for Dental Research : 25/06/2003 - 28/06/2003
Note
Godkänd; 2003; 20101125 (emami)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-10-19Bibliographically approved

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