Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Warnings and placement positions in automobiles
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Human Work Science.
2009 (English)In: 17th World Congress on Ergonomics: IEA 2009 ; Beijing, August 9 - 14, 2009, Bejing: Chinese Ergonomics Society , 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concern for mental overload from warnings has been considered over a longer period of time, even though; warnings continue to be added in vehicles. Both warnings and icons are being tested for understandability but perceptions of the importance of each specific warning and its placement in the driving compartment seems to have had lesser importance in research. Such as, too much visual information presented to the driver or confusing warnings has showed to cause overload and, hence, reduce the driver’s ability to perform safely. A dilemma the automobile industry is facing today is how to expand the ways visual information via warnings can be presented to the driver without increasing the cognitive workload, which, in turn, increases the risk for distraction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of warnings placement on the drivers’ ability to respond to them while maintaining safe driving in normal driving conditions. Twenty respondents drove a fixed based high fidelity driving simulator though 15km of light to moderate traffic in both rural and urban areas while responding to warnings. Ten respondents received warnings in both the head-up display (HUD) and head-down display (HDD) simultaneously while the other respondents received the same ten warnings in one of the four displays: HUD, HDD, infotainment display (IF), and center-stack display (CS) in the same traffic situations but in only one of the four placements at a time. The respondents’ response times to the warnings (via focal vision), their gaze patterns, average speed, maneuverability, and their own subjective responses were measured. The results showed that there were no significant differences between the baseline and experimental runs due to the simple nature of the tasks while significant differences were found in the response times regarding the four placement design. Warnings for serious failures and those pertaining to the vehicles mechanical operation were preferred to be placed in the HUD while warnings for maintenance and service along with reminders were chosen to be placed in the HDD. Response times and driving was perceived to be better when using the HUD while the CS was considered too far away to be looked at for warnings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bejing: Chinese Ergonomics Society , 2009.
Keyword [en]
warnings, placement postions, Social sciences - Psychology
Keyword [sv]
Socialvetenskap - Psykologi
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Design; Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35414Local ID: 9f3b51a0-e4d7-11de-bae5-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-35414DiVA: diva2:1008667
Conference
World Congress on Ergonomics : 09/08/2009 - 14/08/2009
Projects
OPTIVe - Optimised system integration for safe interaction in vehicles
Note
Godkänd; 2009; Bibliografisk uppgift: 1 CD-ROM; 20091209 (phitre)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-10-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(87 kB)12 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 87 kBChecksum SHA-512
8859442bb1bb5896ef3a1b1b6f07d6b70fad4a98202810a208a8fe3619ffc1cc873f77481cc9668593a3f3fe60fe2d2931dc1bc6731dfe5444522168a96f8f46
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Tretten, PhillipNormark, Carl JörgenGärling, Anita
By organisation
Innovation and DesignHuman Work Science
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specifiedProduction Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 12 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 76 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf