Impregnation of cellulose nanofibre networks with a thermoplastic polymer
2013 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
The emphasis of this study have been to study if impregnation of cellulose nanofibre networks can be made using a thermoplastic polymer as a matrix and to estimate the reinforcing efficiency of the cellulose nanofibres in this composite. A nanofibre network with higher porosity that water-dried nanofibre network was prepared from a cellulose waste byproduct (sludge). This was impregnated using a diluted solution of cellulose acetate butyrate polymer to produce a 60 wt. % CNF/CAB composite. This composite was characterized using microscopy and mechanical testing. High porosity is seen in the SEM images of the acetone-dried fibre network and SEM and film transparency was used to qualitatively assess the impregnation of the network. A significant improvement in the visible light transmittance was observed for the nanocomposite film compared to the nanofibre network as a result of the impregnation. The reinforcing efficiency was calculated based on a model of the nanocomposite and compared to other nanocomposites in the literature. The efficiency factor takes into account the volume fraction and the stiffness of the matrix. This showed that this CNF/CAB combination is similar in efficiency to CNF/PLA nanocomposites and more efficient that nanocomposites using when using stiffer matrices. It was also more efficient CNF nanocomposites based on Chitosan, which has the same stiffness. It is still however not as efficient as traditional glass polymer composites due to the random orientation of the fibres nor nanocomposites with very soft matrices due to the dominating network effect of the CNF in such composites. In conclusion, CAB impregnated cellulose nanofibre networks are promising biocomposite materials that could be used in applications where transparency and good mechanical properties are of interest. The key elements in the impregnation process of the nanocomposites were the use of a porous networks and a low viscosity thermoplastic resin solution.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Wood and Bionanocomposites
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35464Local ID: a0033306-0662-4e0f-928a-2a3b1792a6ecOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-35464DiVA: diva2:1008717
Advancements in Fiber-Polymer Composites : Wood Fiber, Natural Fibers, and Nanocellulose 06/05/2013 - 07/05/2013
Godkänd; 2013; 20130608 (krioks)2016-09-302016-09-302016-12-12Bibliographically approved