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Modelling of the impact of melt surface dyanmics on a photodiode monitoring signal in laser welding
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Product and Production Development.
2007 (English)In: Congress proceedings: 2007 ICALEO, 26th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics : October 29 - November 1, 2007, Hilton in the Walt Disney World Resort, Orlando, FL, USA ; [including] Laser Materials Processing Conference, Laser Microprocessing Conference [and] Nanomanufacturing Conference / [ed] Yongfeng Lu, Laser institute of America , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Today merely a few monitoring systems for inprocess detection of laser welding defects are commercially available. Despite a trend towards cameras, the industrially most powerful concept is still a photodiode with optical filter, measuring thermal emissions from the melt surface and from the plasma or laser beam reflections. The monitoring rule for each application is identified empirically through temporal correlations between dynamic signal changes and obtained welding defects. The mechanisms behind are widely not understood. Thus the method does not provide a systematic estimation of success for identifying a certain welding defect. The here presented research approach studies the context between welding defects, the physical mechanisms behind, particularly the dynamics of melt pool, plasma and temperature field, and the photodiode signal. Numerical simulation results of the thermal emissions from the weld pool and keyhole dynamics and their non-linear conversion into a voltage signal are presented. An essential outcome is the sensitivity of the sensor signal to certain sub-mechanisms of the motion for judging under which conditions they can be monitored. Various results are discussed for simplified hypothetic cases as well as for observed weld pool dynamics of practical relevance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Laser institute of America , 2007.
Research subject
Manufacturing Systems Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35465Local ID: a00bdf40-7e23-11dc-b50c-000ea68e967bISBN: 978-0-912035-88-8 (electronic)OAI: diva2:1008718
International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics : 29/10/2007 - 01/11/2007
Godkänd; 2007; Bibliografisk uppgift: CD-ROM; 20071019 (petern)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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