First observation of proton reflection from bent crystals
2006 (English)In: EPAC 2006: 10th European Particle Accelerator Conference EPAC 2006 ; a Europhysics conference ; Edinburgh, Scotland, International Conference Centre (EICC), 26 - 30 June 2006, Edinburgh: European Physical Society Accelerator Group (EPS-AG) , 2006, 1535-1537 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
We recently suggested using short bent crystals as primary collimators in a two stage cleaning system for hadron colliders, with the aim of providing larger impact parameters in the secondary bulk absorber, through coherent beam-halo deflection . Tests with crystals a few mm long, performed with 70 GeV proton beams at IEHP in Protvino, showed a channeling efficiency exceeding 85 %. We also observed disturbing phenomena such as dechannelling at large impact angle, insufficient bending induced by volume capture inside the crystal, multiple scattering of non-channeled protons and, for the first time, a proton flux reflected by the crystalline planes. Indeed, protons with a tangent path to the curved planes somewhere inside the crystal itself are deflected in the opposite direction with respect to the channeled particles, with an angle almost twice as large as the critical angle. This effect, up to now only predicted by computer simulations , produces a flux of particles in the wrong direction with respect to the absorber, which may hamper the collimation efficiency if neglected.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edinburgh: European Physical Society Accelerator Group (EPS-AG) , 2006. 1535-1537 p.
Research subject Experimental physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35540ScopusID: 84898783367Local ID: a19f7e23-2ef7-45df-8282-c84c84934221ISBN: 9290832797 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-35540DiVA: diva2:1008793
European Particle Accelerator Conference : 26/06/2006 - 30/06/2006
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