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Development of a strictly individualized heart rehabilition model
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3619-2297
Gävleborg county hospital, Department of physical therapy.
1998 (English)In: Abstracts of the 4th Scandinavian congress om medicine and science in sports: november 5-8, 1998, Lahti, Finland, 1998, p. 353-Conference paper, Meeting abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Traditional cardiac rehabilitation programs have not consistently been shown to improve the level of compliance with medical recommendations, and it is a limited part of patients suffering from coronary heart disease (CHD) that in reality participate in these programs. Rethinking of approaches to cardiac rehabilitation is needed. Important is to pay regard to patients risk factor modification, improvement in their capacity to perform physical work put i relation to the physical demands of various activities and/or jobs in their workplace. It is also known that patients' perceptions of their self-efficacy often exert greater influence over their return to normal activities than does their medical status. Aims: This study examined individual features, actual and perceived loss of physical capacities in patients with CHD, in order to develop a new model for cardiac rehabilitation and find relevant assessment instruments. Materialandmethods: 31male and female patients (ages 45-79 yrs) with CHD were assessed prior to and after undergoing a traditional cardiac rehabilitation program. The variables studied included individual goals, self-efficacy and physical capacities. Results: The results demonstrate great differences in all studied variables. Patients differ in gender, age, prior experience, medical status and individual goals (level of activities/work and or secondary prevention). The physical capacity improves bit may still imply limitations and patients may still lack confidence in their ability to perform physical activities. The vide range of individual features indicates the necessity to individualize the rehabilitation process to meet patient needs. Conclusion: The rehabilitation actors has to take up a more guiding and instructive role regarding elements relevant for the invdividual, with patients own experience and capacities as the starting point. This include taking measures (separate or extensive) individual or in group. Our intention is to present a new strictly individualized heart rehabilitation model based on on-going case studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. p. 353-
Series
Scandinavian journal of medicne & science in sports, ISSN 0905-7188 ; 5:2
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38037Local ID: c4813890-bff4-11db-834c-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-38037DiVA, id: diva2:1011536
Conference
Scandinavian congress on medicine and science in sports : 05/11/1998 - 08/11/1998
Note
Godkänd; 1998; 20070219 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Agneta

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