The effect of anti-slip devices on pedestrian safety during wintertime
2010 (English)In: 12th World Conference on Transport Research: July 11 - 15, 2010, Lisboa, Portugal, Instituto Superior Tecnico; selected and general proceedings, Lisboa: Instituto Superior Tecnico, DeCIVIL , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
Every winter, more than 100,000 pedestrians in the Nordic countries receive medical treatment as a result of falls on slippery surfaces. Also, the risk of injury reduces the interest in outdoor activities during the wintertime. Pedestrians injured in single-pedestrian accidents on icy and snowy surfaces experience more serious injuries than pedestrians injured on other surfaces. Other studies also show that the cost for health care and health insurance for injuries from single-pedestrian accidents on icy and snowy surfaces is of the same magnitude as the costs for injuries from all other road transport accidents. Thus, there is a need for measures to reduce single-pedestrian injuries and improve the access to safe walking all year round. Different countermeasures can be used to prevent a person from slipping and sliding when walking outdoors during the wintertime. Countermeasures can relate to the use of individual ‗equipment,‘ services provided by the community directed towards vulnerable road-user groups or the public at large, and policy changes in winter-maintenance practices. The aim of the study is to develop knowledge regarding walking safety for pedestrians during the wintertime using one individual measure, the use of antislip devices. Methods have been developed to register different aspects of walking outdoors on slippery surfaces (in the wintertime) and the effect of using walking aids such as anti-slip devices. Laboratory test were conducted on seven occasions to develop test methods, to test anti-slip devices using the methods and to assess the test methods. Different surfaces were chosen to simulate the variation in winter maintenance standards on walkways: snow on ice, sand on ice, gravel on ice, salt on ice and pure ice. (...).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lisboa: Instituto Superior Tecnico, DeCIVIL , 2010.
Research subject Traffic Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38080Local ID: c59a7a4b-064e-44fc-9230-41003decd411ISBN: 978-989-969860-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-38080DiVA: diva2:1011579
World Conference on Transport Research : 11/06/2010 - 15/06/2010
Godkänd; 2010; 20111010 (glenn)2016-10-032016-10-03Bibliographically approved