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Modelling and validation of interactions between pulp, charge and mill structure in tumbling mills
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mechanics of Solid Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0910-7990
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8032-9388
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Sustainable Process Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mechanics of Solid Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7514-0513
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
##### Abstract [en]

Modelling the pulp fluid and its interaction with both the charge and the mill structure is an interesting challenge. To close the gap between reality and numerical result in modelling of tumbling mills, physically realistic methods are a necessity. A problem is that tumbling mills often operate in a metastable state because of the difficulty to balance the rate of replenishment of large ore particles from the feed with the consumption in the charge. Understanding of the charge motion within the mill is of significance in mill optimisation. The comminution process is complex and to include all phenomena that occur in a single numerical model is today not possible. Therefore, limiting the modelling to the physical interaction between charge, mill structure and pulp liquid without simulating the actual crushing is the major goal in this work. The smoothed particle hydrodynamic (SPH) method has earlier been used to model a ball charge and its interaction with the mill structure. The mesh free formulation and the adaptive nature of the SPH method result in a method that handles extremely large deformations and thereby suits modelling of grinding charges and pulp liquids. In the present contribution, a SPH description of the pulp fluid is introduced. The lifters and the lining are still modelled with the finite element method (FEM), and the grinding balls with the discreet element method (DEM). This combined computational model makes it possible to predict pressure and shear stresses within the pulp fluid. It is also possible to predict how the dampening effect of the pulp liquid is affected by its viscosity and density. The charge induced torque in a laboratory-scale ball mill is used for validation, and the mechanical shock waves travelling in the mill system are described. The results from the coupled 3D SPH-DEM-FEM model show a fair estimation of the induced torque due to the charge motion in a tumbling mill. This is a good indication that the model is physically correct.

2013.
##### National Category
Applied Mechanics Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
##### Research subject
Solid Mechanics; Mineral Processing
##### Identifiers
Local ID: c7431e39-efa0-44af-a5a8-4f68b3fc8ab8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-38149DiVA, id: diva2:1011648
##### Conference
Particle-Based Methods. Fundamentals and Applications : 18/09/2013 - 20/09/2013
##### Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20131105 (parj)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved

#### Open Access in DiVA

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http://congress.cimne.com/particles2013/frontal/doc/Ebook%20Particles%202013.pdf

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Cite
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