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Apatite for extraction: Mineralogy of apatite and ree in the kiirunavaara Fe-deposit
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
LKAB, Research & Development, 983 81 Malmberget.
Mining Technology R and D, LKAB Kiruna Mine.
2012 (English)In: XXVI International Mineral Processing Congress: IMPC 2012, New Delhi, India, September 24-28, 2012 : conference proceedings, New Dehli: The Indian Institute of Metals , 2012, 3287-3297 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Kiruna area is an important mining province in northern Sweden, which is dominated by Fe- and Cu-Au deposits. Economically most important for the region, are the apatite iron ores with an annual production of c. 43 M ton of crude Fe-ore and a total production of more than 2000 M ton of ore the last 100 years. The apatite iron ores in the Kiruna area are dominated by either Magnetite or Haematite and contain varying amounts of apatite giving them a content of Fe and P, which varies between 30-70 % and 0.05-5 %, respectively. A typical geochemical feature of the ores is the strong enrichment of REE that is caused by a high content of REE in apatite and the occurrence of Allanite and Monazite containing 22.4 and 69.8 wt% REO, respectively. At Kiirunavaara, the content of REE in apatite varies between 0.07 to 1.57 wt% REO with a dominance for the light rare earths. The variation in REE-content of apatite depending on textural and paragenetic aspects is not known but apatite grains may display a strong LREE-depletion due to hydrothermal alteration. Monazite occurs as rod-shaped or tabular inclusions in apatite and is suggested, to have formed in response to hydrothermal alteration of apatite after the emplacement of the ore. Inclusions are mainly found in the central part of apatite grains occurring in veins and schliren, while they are rare in apatite occurring disseminated in the ore. Monazite also occurs as larger grains outside apatite and together with Allanite is found in texturally and paragenetically different settings within the ore. These occurrences of REE-minerals may largely be a product of LREE mobilized by alteration of apatite after the emplacement of the ore. However, REE-minerals including Allanite and Monazite might also have formed directly from late magmatic fluids.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Dehli: The Indian Institute of Metals , 2012. 3287-3297 p.
Research subject
Ore Geology
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38294Local ID: ca45b80c-cd81-42c1-b464-13c08f5d0986ISBN: 9788190171434 (print)OAI: diva2:1011793
International Mineral Processing Congress : 24/09/2012 - 28/09/2012
Godkänd; 2012; 20130813 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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