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Modelling debris flow processes with a geotechnical centrifuge
University of Canterbury.
University of Canterbury.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering. Institute for Geotechnical Engineering, Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich.
Institute for Geotechnical Engineering, Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich.
2011 (English)In: International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings, 2011, 339-349 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine the effect of flow mass and moisture content on debris flow velocity, discharge, and runout using a series of smallscale flume tests in a geotechnical centrifuge. We found that an increase in mass and an increase in moisture content increased peak velocity during down-slope movement. However, the effect of increased moisture content is much more pronounced than that of increased mass. The maximum cross-sectional area observed did not depend on mass or moisture content, although may have been affected by the flow rate entering the centrifuge. Consequently, flow velocity largely determined the peak discharge of each flow. An increase in moisture content increased the mobility of the flow in terms of depositional area and runout. Further, the runout of the centre of mass of the flows appears to be linearly related to the momentum of flow material entering the flume. © 2011 Casa Editrice Università La Sapienza.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 339-349 p.
Keyword [sv]
Centrifuge tests, Debris flows, Physical modelling, Runout, Velocity
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38535DOI: 10.4408/IJEGE.2011-03.B-039ScopusID: 84861596875Local ID: cf726663-ad58-498e-9955-23481a429b5bISBN: 9788895814469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-38535DiVA: diva2:1012036
Conference
International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment : 14/06/2011 - 17/06/2011
Note
För godkännande; 2011; 20160715 (janlau)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03

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