The role of NGOs in supporting women’s entrepreneurship: a study of Quadruple Helix innovation systems in the Baltic sea region
2011 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Refereed)
A gender gap in entrepreneurship and innovation can be discerned across Europe – often portrayed as a statistical pattern showing differences in prevalence of entrepreneurial and innovative activities between the categories of men and women. ). The gender gap can be traced back to the general perceptions of gender in society, where entrepreneurial venturing and innovation work are culturally defined as masculine activities. A situation in which dominating policy models for regional entrepreneurship and innovation – such as the Triple Helix model – sustain the gender gap by being blind to gender issues imply both practical and theoretical challenges for critical management research. In this paper, we intend to analyse the gendered norms and consequences of dominating innovation models, such as the Triple Helix, and to identify roles and challenges of NGO’s in the alternative conceptualization of Quadruple Helix. Based on an exploratory case study of an EU-financed project intentionally set up as a Quadruple Helix innovation system, we find that NGOs may fill four roles in bridging the gender gap: (1) collaborative platforms for women-led SMEs, (2) legitimating and linking women-led SMEs to governmental and academic actors, (3) developing competences and process innovations related to entrepreneurial venturing outside traditional Triple Helix constellations, and (4) carrying individual and societal aspects of entrepreneuring.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Gender and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39380Local ID: e1c8d9b2-3c6f-4c77-bee0-e9e6adadba1aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-39380DiVA: diva2:1012891
International Critical Management Studies Conference : 11/07/2011 - 13/07/2011
Godkänd; 2011; 20110505 (andbra)2016-10-032016-10-03Bibliographically approved