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Methods for locating the proper position of a planned fishway entrance near a hydropower tailrace
Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Studies.
Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Studies.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.
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2013 (English)In: Limnologica, ISSN 0075-9511, E-ISSN 1873-5851, Vol. 43, no 5, 339-347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The spatial distribution of upstream migrating Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) spawners was studied in 2008 and 2009 in the surroundings of the tailrace from a hydropower station in the River Umeälven. This area is problematic because the fish have difficulties finding their way into the original riverbed, which prompted an investigation on the feasibility of adding a fishway in the area. Echo sounding was used in 2008 to investigate the spatial use of fish in the tailrace channel during the time of salmon migration. Presence of other fish species was so low that all echo sounding detections were assumed to be salmon. In 2009, data on wild radio-tagged salmon (n = 94) was collected in the same tailrace by an array of underwater antennas with a detection radius of approximately 10 m, to validate the results from the echo sounding. Both types of surveys showed aggregations of fish in one part of the tailrace. As a final step, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling was performed to analyze hydrodynamics. This CFD modeling showed a coincidence of fish detections in areas with turbulence intensities between 0.6 and 0.8, which may be an indication that the fish are holding in these areas to reduce energy expenditure during migration. A high proportion of the radio-tagged salmon were observed in the tailrace area (a median of 21 days between their first and last detection), indicating that the salmon are delayed in their upstream migration by the attraction to the tailrace in this area. The overall data on fish behavior in the tailrace led us to suggest a location for a new fishway where the fish aggregation was most pronounced. The number of detections from either technology had similar distributions over the tailrace, suggesting that the results are comparable. Thus, the split beam echo sounder can preferably be used to investigate which location is most appropriate for locations of entrances to new fishways since many more individual fishes are covered by this method compared to telemetry. Furthermore, there is no need to handle the fish in the echo sounding studies as is required in telemetry studies

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 43, no 5, 339-347 p.
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39786DOI: 10.1016/j.limno.2013.05.007Scopus ID: 84880697995Local ID: ea9209e9-a904-4588-94d2-865ea46cecd2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-39786DiVA: diva2:1013304
Conference
International Symposium on Ecohydraulics : 17/09/2012 - 21/09/2012
Note
Validerad; 2013; 20130607 (stlu); Konferensartikel i tidskriftAvailable from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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