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An Assessment Of The Impact Of The Cocoa Mass Spraying Exercise On Production And Marketing Of Cocoa: In The Juaboso Cocoa District From 2001-2007
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis looked at assessing the impact of the cocoa mass spraying exercise on production and marketing of cocoa in the Juaboso Cocoa District from 2001-2007. Cocoa is an important commercial crop of the equatorial regions of the world including Ghana. The crop is grown in six out of the ten regions of Ghana. The people of Juaboso district in the Western Region are predominantly cocoa farmers. Most of these cocoa farmers own few acres of farms. Farmers in the district therefore depend on yield per acre of cocoa farms for their survival. The cocoa mass spraying exercise which was introduced in Ghana in 2001 was to reduce crop losses and increase cocoa yield in Ghana. This was to translate into increased marketing activities and income of the rural poor in Ghana. The introduction of the exercise by the government of Ghana was met with mixed reactions. Whist some people embraced the exercise; others brushed it aside as “waste of the tax payers’ money”. The challenge for this research was to determine whether the cocoa mass spraying exercise has had some impact on the production and marketing of cocoa in the Juaboso Cocoa District from 2001-2007. The study focuses on farmers’ satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the exercise. The research describes the literature reviewed for the study. Based on the learning gained from the literature review interview guidelines were compiled to conduct a survey on this matter. A sample of one hundred and twenty (120) respondents was selected for purposes of this exercise. Since the study was basically a survey, researchers administered questionnaires and interview guides personally. Data was analyzed to answer research questions using simple averages and percentages. Validity, reliability, positionality and ethical issues were seriously considered at every stage of the research. The proposed duration of the research was seven months and a proposed budget cost was GH 3,200 cedis. A careful analysis of data collected during the study revealed that the Cocoa Mass Spraying Exercise has been embraced by cocoa farmers in the Juaboso Cocoa District. Thus, 78.0% of farmers interviewed said they were satisfied with the exercise. Again, 72.5% of all respondents also said they were happy with the exercise. Similarly, the research findings indicated that 78% of farmers agreed that the CMSE had contributed to the increase in their income. Analysed data further indicated that the introduction of the exercise in the district opened up a lot more marketing opportunities for farmers. Some of these opportunities included ready market for cocoa produced, reduction in the cost of transporting cocoa from the farm gate to the marketing centres, pre-financing of cocoa activities by agents of LBCs and prompt payment of bonuses and other incentives. The introduction of banking facilities in the district to serve farmers interest could also be attributed to the introduction of the exercise in the district and its somewhat indirect effect on production and marketing activities in the cocoa sector. Despite these positive indicators of the CMSE in the Juaboso Cocoa District, the study identified some core problems with the exercise. Some of the problems are the inadequate supply of chemicals to the various gangs in the community, insufficient staff (gang members) to handle the programme, lack of a reliable data on farm sizes and locations, political interference and problem associated with organization. During the study, it was revealed that the best period for the cocoa mass spraying exercise is from April to August for the application of fungicide and from August to December for the application of insecticides. Three (3) recommended insecticides and six (6) recommended fungicides are the chemicals used for the exercise. The recommended insecticides are ACTARA 240 SC, CONFIDOR 200 SL, AKATE MASTER. The fungicides for the exercise are CHAMPION 80 WP, FUNGURAN-OH50WP. NORDOX SUPER 75WP, NORDOX 75WP, RIDOMIL GOLD 66 PLUS WP, METALM 72WP (culled from the Wednesday, October 12, 2007 Edition of the Daily Graphic (pp40)). Researchers are convinced that the study is not exhaustive on the CMSE, but hope the study will add to the stock of information on the programme. This thesis looked at assessing the impact of the cocoa mass spraying exercise on production and marketing of cocoa in the Juaboso Cocoa District from 2001-2007. Cocoa is an important commercial crop of the equatorial regions of the world including Ghana. The crop is grown in six out of the ten regions of Ghana. The people of Juaboso district in the Western Region are predominantly cocoa farmers. Most of these cocoa farmers own few acres of farms. Farmers in the district therefore depend on yield per acre of cocoa farms for their survival. The cocoa mass spraying exercise which was introduced in Ghana in 2001 was to reduce crop losses and increase cocoa yield in Ghana. This was to translate into increased marketing activities and income of the rural poor in Ghana. The introduction of the exercise by the government of Ghana was met with mixed reactions. Whist some people embraced the exercise; others brushed it aside as “waste of the tax payers’ money”. The challenge for this research was to determine whether the cocoa mass spraying exercise has had some impact on the production and marketing of cocoa in the Juaboso Cocoa District from 2001-2007. The study focuses on farmers’ satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the exercise. The research describes the literature reviewed for the study. Based on the learning gained from the literature review interview guidelines were compiled to conduct a survey on this matter. A sample of one hundred and twenty (120) respondents was selected for purposes of this exercise. Since the study was basically a survey, researchers administered questionnaires and interview guides personally. Data was analyzed to answer research questions using simple averages and percentages. Validity, reliability, positionality and ethical issues were seriously considered at every stage of the research. The proposed duration of the research was seven months and a proposed budget cost was GH 3,200 cedis. A careful analysis of data collected during the study revealed that the Cocoa Mass Spraying Exercise has been embraced by cocoa farmers in the Juaboso Cocoa District. Thus, 78.0% of farmers interviewed said they were satisfied with the exercise. Again, 72.5% of all respondents also said they were happy with the exercise. Similarly, the research findings indicated that 78% of farmers agreed that the CMSE had contributed to the increase in their income. Analysed data further indicated that the introduction of the exercise in the district opened up a lot more marketing opportunities for farmers. Some of these opportunities included ready market for cocoa produced, reduction in the cost of transporting cocoa from the farm gate to the marketing centres, pre-financing of cocoa activities by agents of LBCs and prompt payment of bonuses and other incentives. The introduction of banking facilities in the district to serve farmers interest could also be attributed to the introduction of the exercise in the district and its somewhat indirect effect on production and marketing activities in the cocoa sector. Despite these positive indicators of the CMSE in the Juaboso Cocoa District, the study identified some core problems with the exercise. Some of the problems are the inadequate supply of chemicals to the various gangs in the community, insufficient staff (gang members) to handle the programme, lack of a reliable data on farm sizes and locations, political interference and problem associated with organization. During the study, it was revealed that the best period for the cocoa mass spraying exercise is from April to August for the application of fungicide and from August to December for the application of insecticides. Three (3) recommended insecticides and six (6) recommended fungicides are the chemicals used for the exercise. The recommended insecticides are ACTARA 240 SC, CONFIDOR 200 SL, AKATE MASTER. The fungicides for the exercise are CHAMPION 80 WP, FUNGURAN-OH50WP. NORDOX SUPER 75WP, NORDOX 75WP, RIDOMIL GOLD 66 PLUS WP, METALM 72WP (culled from the Wednesday, October 12, 2007 Edition of the Daily Graphic (pp40)). Researchers are convinced that the study is not exhaustive on the CMSE, but hope the study will add to the stock of information on the programme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 103 p.
Keyword [en]
Social Behaviour Law
Keyword [sv]
Samhälls-, beteendevetenskap, juridik
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-42913Local ID: 0dbaeba9-2727-4aec-8f71-32b43f6784efOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-42913DiVA: diva2:1016140
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Business Administration, master's level
Note
Validerat; 20110830 (anonymous)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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