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Ergonomics in passenger seats
2002 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This study of comfort and ergonomics in passenger transports is a thesis on a master level written by a student in “Ergonomics in Production and Design” at Luleå University of Tech-nology, Sweden. The initiative to the project is taken by Airbus Deutschland GmbH in Hamburg, Germany, with the background of the development of aircrafts for ultra long range operation and very high passenger capacities. A study of other passenger transportation modes (Express Trains and Touring Coaches) is a central part of the work. The directives for the thesis includes a comparison between the pas-senger transport, based on a number of measurable variables that have been defined according to the research in the report. The aim is to review important aspects in terms of comfort and ergonomics in passenger travel seats. As results, validations of the ergonomics in the passenger seats, comparisons between the transport modes along with reasons for the differences and suggestions of im-provements are presented. The first chapter in the report explains the use of ergonomics and the importance of comfort as a link to the satisfaction of customers. After having defined “Ergonomics” and how it is to be used in the study, the human-seat in-teraction is being examined as an important background to the choice of the variables in the examination of the seats. This study only evaluates measurable variables and is built on the definition of physical com-fort as “absence of physical disturbances”. The perception of comfort is also highly affected by subjective feelings and non- measurable factors in the close environment. Those factors are being presented but are not included in any evaluations. The studies of the passenger cabins are conducted through own examinations and observa-tions of the passenger cabins. Use of manufacturers data has been avoided as far as possible to make the study more from the users point of view. The study concludes that the ergonomics and comfort in the seats are strongly connected to available spaces and the kind of transportation. The anthropometrics of the seats are basically the same but the train passenger enjoys a higher amount of free space in the cabin. The consideration of functional details differs from seat to seat and the usability of the seats is over all poor. The need of more space stands in conflict with the travel costs, the improvement suggestions have therefore been divided as follows: Themes that would cause conflicts with cost aspects • More spaces, in particular concerning the width of the seats and the possibilities of changing into alternative sitting positions. • Better adjustability of all variables. • Increased privacy and dedicated adjustable armrests. Themes that wouldn’t affect the existing amount of space or cost aspects • Coding, Design and Placement of handling features. • Better consideration of functional details and finding of detail features that is not yet available on the market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002.
Keyword [en]
Technology, Seats, passive sitting, passenger comfort, ergonomics, passenger seats
Keyword [sv]
Teknik
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-46573ISRN: LTU-EX--02/336--SELocal ID: 430b981e-2c07-438d-9e2d-aa6bbacc807fOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-46573DiVA: diva2:1019888
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Ergonomic Design & Production Engineering, master's level
Examiners
Note
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NO
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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