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Virtual working: a case study of five virtual organisations
2001 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The way that companies operate today is changing. There is currently a trend of combining small companies into co-operative units. One form of organisation that is resulting from this development is the virtual organisation. Today there is not a clear-cut definition of this concept. Still, many companies see themselves as virtual organisations. Some reasons for working in a virtual organisation, according to the literature, are increased efficiency and flexibility and gathering of different core competencies. The literature mentions several characteristics for a virtual organisation and we have focused on the following: mix of organisation vs. internal organisation, geographical dispersion, stable vs. dynamic, hierarchy and leadership. We have focused on these characteristics since our thesis’ purpose is to explore how the work in a virtual organisation is carried out, due to the fact that a virtual organisation is a mix of organisations and that the members are geographical dispersed. The literature also stresses the importance of information and communication technologies: these are often mentioned as a prerequisite for working in a virtual organisation. Beside literature studies we have also done a case study of five virtual organisations within the IT-sector. The conclusion we draw from our empirical study is that the virtual mode of working builds on a mix of organisations and geographical dispersion. Since the members of a virtual team come from different organisations it is important that they meet before the work is carried out and that they learn to know each other. The members need to develop fundamental trust in each other, which is a necessity for carrying out the work. Furthermore information and communication technologies are the most important “organisational glue” and hold the virtual organisation together although it is geographically dispersed. We state that information and communication technologies are a prerequisite to carry out the work in a virtual organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Social Behaviour Law, Virtual organisations, virtual working, information, technology: communication technology, geographical dispersion, mix of organisations, trust
Keyword [sv]
Samhälls-, beteendevetenskap, juridik
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-48944ISRN: LTU-SHU-EX--01/037--SELocal ID: 65db72b3-6ea5-4994-aa06-291e10e0759eOAI: diva2:1022289
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Computer and Information Systems Science, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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