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Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and work organisation in four suncontractors' construction work site in the Philippines
2001 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Construction is an industry that is related to high incidences of musculoskeletal problems. As of the recent decade, the work situations in this industry have been affected profoundly by the proliferation of subcontractors. This study is a descriptive research aimed to provide descriptive information regarding three aspects of the working conditions among construction workers employed by subcontractors in a construction site in the Philippines: manual materials handling exposures, work-related musculoskeletal disorders, and the work organisation. This body of descriptive information was used to determine the exposures that predispose workers to musculoskeletal health problems. The participants of this study are workers of two operations: concrete wall construction and tile roof setting who are employed by four different subcontractors. The Posture, Activities, Tools, and Handling (PATH) methodology revealed that workers in both operations are exposed to non-neutral postures of the trunk, neck, and legs. Activities that were observed were carrying, lifting, and moving/placing. Heavy manual material handling (loads higher than 13.5 kg) was also observed in the tile roof setting operation. A translated version of the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to survey the incidence of musculoskeletal problems among the workers. Reports of pain were indicated in the lower back, upper back, neck, and knees. There was a significant correlation between the reports of pain on the neck and the observed non-neutral neck postures. Finally, a standardised interview revealed that the subcontractors do not provide opportunities for human resource development, appropriate health benefits, and social security provisions. The respondents also work overtime without getting appropriate compensation. Ergonomics recommendations were then made regarding the work conditions and processes. These recommendations were in terms of engineering and design, and work organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001.
Keyword [en]
Technology, ergonomics, construction industries, path methodology
Keyword [sv]
Teknik
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-49039ISRN: LTU-EX--01/104--SELocal ID: 671c7037-2f03-4c91-b972-35603d27d5a9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-49039DiVA: diva2:1022384
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Ergonomics, master's level
Examiners
Note
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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