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Mission Analysis and Trajectory optimisation for project CAPE
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology. Institute of Space Systems, University of Stuttgart.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Atmospheric reentry is a challenging part of human space ight and planetary entry missions.At the Institute of Space Systems in University of Stuttgart the idea of projectCAPE was conceived in 2012. Project Cubesat Atmospheric Probe for Education aimsto demonstrate the capability of miniaturised technologies of the micro electric plasmathruster, reentry vehicle design and ablative shielding material developed in this institute.The mission scenario is such that the CAPE is being deployed from the InternationalSpace Station and needs to complete the de-orbit of the Service and deorbit module andre-entry of the Atmospheric entry module in less than 1 year. The Cube satellite weighs3.0 kg consisting of a 2+1 unit service design module with solar panels, pulsed plasmapropulsion system of the university of Stuttgart (PETRUS) and a micro atmosphericreentry module (MIRKA-2). This reentry vehicle is unique in its size and weighs 0.5kg. During its reentry phase, it will be subjected to the intense aero-thermal loads at theThermal Protection System front which are absorbed by its ablative heat shield. But thecharacteristics of the re-entry trajectory like the ight path angle, entry velocity and entrypoint greatly determine the survivability against the integral heat load for this ballisticreentry vehicle. Although the success of the mission is considerably higher when having acontrolled reentry, in case of ballistic vehicles it is solely determined by the mission design.The main task is to investigate and develop the optimal re-entry trajectories in thedesign-time phase of mission development for MIRKA-2 vehicle that satises the objectiveof minimizing heat loads and adhering to operational constraints. Thus, the aimof this thesis is to provide a novel solution and optimum trajectory of the de-orbit andre-entry ight to maximize the survivability of the reentry module. The con icting parametersin this mission would be the operational limit of the pulsed plasma thruster andminimum heat loads during reentry ight. The simulation of these trajectories is carriedout in MATLAB using the REENT software developed in the Institute of Space Systems,University of Stuttgart. Its source code is composed in Fortran 77 which is integratedinto MATLAB. A careful mission analysis with the constraints of the capacity of pulsedplasma thruster, impulse provided by the separation mechanism and survivability of thereentry vehicle is carried out to prove the feasibility of this mission. In order to accomplishthe survivability during re-entry the aspects that have been modelled are the ight dynamicsof the satellite, aerodynamic and aero-thermal loads, spacecraft behaviour underthe external loads and local heating process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 73 p.
Keyword [en]
reentry technology, mission analysis, atmospheric reentry, cubesat, flight trajectory, optimisation
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-49726OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-49726DiVA: diva2:1023713
Educational program
Space Engineering, master's level
Presentation
2016-09-26, D1, Lulea university of technology, Rymdcampus, Kiruna, 13:30 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-10-05 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2016-10-05Bibliographically approved

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