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Reproducible identification methodology in EMS: an approach to method for identifying environmental aspects using LCA technique
2000 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Environmental management systems (EMSs) are today common to implement in organisations for the purpose of structuring the internal environmental work in a systematic and auditable way. This is mainly performed in order to achieve trustworthiness and to meet the requirements from different interested parties. As environmental issues are becoming natural to consider at all levels of society, it may also result in competitive advantages. The methods used to fulfil the criteria specified in a standard for EMS can vary largely, since it is seldom stated in the standard how the work should be carried out. The consequence may be difficulties for organisations to meet the criteria and to do this in a trustworthy and consistent way. To avoid this difficulty a method could be developed that can be implemented in the EMS and that will help the organisations to fulfil the criteria with sufficient credibility. The intention in this thesis has been to develop a method with emphasis on the identification of the environmental aspects. It is primarily intended to be used within Stora Enso and the aim is to make the identification procedure reproducible and hence more trustworthy, but also more similar between the units within the group. Some general recommendations about the assessment though, have also been given. The basis for the approach to method has been a survey of the present procedures and opinions of this work at the units. The survey was carried out through a questionnaire and studies of the environmental management handbooks and reviews. Both some positive observations and some areas of improvements were recognised, which together with information from other literature sources has been considered when developing the method. The approach taken in this study should only be considered as a framework for a method and will have to be further developed before adopted. The method has been outlined according to the LCA-methodology in ISO 14040-42 and the data documentation format in ISO 14048. Connections to environmental performance evaluation have also been investigated. Some of the main concepts in the suggested method are: definition of scope and system boundaries, descriptions of technical systems and an inventory analasys consisting of a quantification phase, metadata documentation and a recipient investigation. A classification and characterisation are finally also part of the method, mainly to facilitate the assessment and environmental performance evaluation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000.
Keyword [en]
Technology, EMS, LCA, environmental aspects, environmental performance, reproducibility, miljöledningssystem, miljöaspekter, repeterbarhet, miljöprestanda
Keyword [sv]
Teknik
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-51993ISRN: LTU-EX--00/217--SELocal ID: 9276706f-5717-40f6-b11d-169c1ffa158aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-51993DiVA: diva2:1025359
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Civil Engineering programmes 1997-2000, master's level
Examiners
Note
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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