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The growth of a growth point: a strategic development plan for Maphisa: a minor field study
2002 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This report is a Master’s Thesis work in Environmental Planning and Design. It has mainly been carried out in southern Zimbabwe in the first half of the year 2000 and completed at the university in Sweden. The purpose with the study was to find out and propose a possible future development of Maphisa Growth Point, in the short and long term. The goal of this Strategic Development Plan is to make Maphisa Growth Point grow in a, for the future, sustainable way. This includes both economical and environmental, as well as social, aspects. Maphisa is the district capital and the service centre of Matobo District in southern Zimbabwe. The district was classified as 100% rural in the 1992 Census Report. The population in Maphisa today is estimated to 5,000 people. To make the proposed development successful it is important to start from Maphisa’s conditions of today. Therefore the planning conditions have been carefully analysed. Considering the goals and the planning conditions, three different alternative solutions for the development of Maphisa have been produced. They are called Alternative Zero, Alternative One and Alternative Two. A0 is a comparison alternative, mainly to serve as a reference to the other alternatives. While the other alternatives involve large physical changes, Alternative Zero will continue on the current path of development, as an extrapolation of the situation today. A1 then again, is an alternative that is based on a medium-scale development of Maphisa. Relatively extensive physical investments are being made, creating changes in the structure of activities, the offered services and the premises for different kinds of transports. A2 finally, is based on a large-scale development. Large, in some cases very large, physical investments will be made. Powerful changes in the structure of activities, the offered services and the premises for different kinds of transports, is expected. The three different alternatives have been evaluated with a starting point from the four main goals, spatial, economical, social and environmental. The purpose with this estimation is to see how well the different alternatives fulfil the goals, and which alternative is the best for the development of Maphisa. After the comprehensive analyses of the consequences of the different alternatives, Alternative 2 was summarised to be the most attractive alternative for the development of Maphisa. The strategy for implementation of the alternative is presented in three steps. The most essential things for the development of Maphisa are to create a base for new jobs and to offer good school facilities for the children. Also important is to reduce the lack of residential houses there is today. To make it easier for transports and to make Maphisa become the centre of communications within the Matabeleland South, the road between Bulawayo and Johannesburg should be build as soon as possible. Since the telecommunications of today are very poor, an improvement is needed and should be carried out as a mobile network. The Omadu Motel must be repaired and improved, otherwise the value of the motel will decrease. New lodges in different price levels ought to be build, attracting different kind of people. The marketing of Maphisa should start both in Bulawayo and in Johannesburg, pointing out the unexploited nature and the conference facilities. The new road between the provincial capital Gwanda and Francistown in Botswana will also mean a lot for Maphisa and the project should not wait too long to get started. However, all development in Zimbabwe will have great difficulties until the contacts with the Western world normalise. The decision of many donors to stop their economical contributions to Zimbabwe after the present situation with all the political violence has made the already strained economy even worse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Technology, Zimbabwe, Developing country, Minor Field Study, Urban, Developing, Town planning, Sustainable development
Keyword [sv]
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-56615ISRN: LTU-EX--02/199--SELocal ID: d60bcdda-e307-46b6-b704-701bab06f802OAI: diva2:1030002
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Environmental Engineering, master's level
Validerat; 20101217 (root)Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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