Leaching of arsenic, copper and chromium from thermally treated soil
Number of Authors: 6
2016 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 183, no 3, 460-466 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thermal treatment, if properly performed, is an effective way of destroying organic compounds in contaminated soil, while impact on co-present inorganic contaminants varies depending on the element. Leaching of trace elements in thermally treated soil can be altered by co-combusting different types of materials. This study aimed at assessing changes in mobility of As, Cr and Cu in thermally treated soil as affected by addition of industrial by-products prior to soil combustion. Contaminated soil was mixed with either waste of gypsum boards, a steel processing residue (Fe3O4), fly ash from wood and coal combustion or a steel abrasive (96.5% Fe0). The mixes and unamended soil were thermally treated at 800 °C and divided into a fine fraction <0.125 mm and a coarse fraction >0.125 mm to simulate particle separation occurring in thermal treatment plants. The impact of the treatment on element behaviour was assessed by a batch leaching test, X-ray absorption spectroscopy and dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The results suggest that thermal treatment is highly unfavourable for As contaminated soils as it increased both the As leaching in the fine particle size fraction and the mass of the fines (up to 92%). Soil amendment with Fe-containing compounds prior to the thermal treatment reduced As leaching to the levels acceptable for hazardous waste landfills, but only in the coarse fraction, which does not justify the usefulness of such treatment. Among the amendments used, gypsum most effectively reduced leaching of Cr and Cu in thermally treated soil and could be recommended for soils that do not contain As. Fly ash was the least effective amendment as it increased leaching of both Cr and As in majority of samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 183, no 3, 460-466 p.
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject Waste Science and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-59700DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.08.080ISI: 000385900000003PubMedID: 27612616ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84992153631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-59700DiVA: diva2:1034601
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 2016-10-12 (andbra)2016-10-122016-10-122016-11-11Bibliographically approved