Transformation Mechanism of Nutrient Elements in the Process of Biochar Preparation for Returning Biochar to Soil
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, ISSN 1004-9541, E-ISSN 2210-321XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Returning biochar to soil is a heavily researched topic because biochar functions well for soil improvement. There is a significant loss of nutrients, which occurs during biochar preparation before biochar is returned to soil, thereby seriously undermining biochar's efficacy. Therefore, the transformation mechanisms of biochar pH, mass, nutrients and metals during pyrolysis under different atmospheres and temperatures were studied such that the best method for biochar preparation could be developed. Several conclusions can be reached: (1) a CO2 atmosphere is better than a N2 atmosphere for biochar preparation, although preparation in a CO2 atmosphere is not a common practice for biochar producers; (2) 350 °C is the best temperature for biochar preparation because the amount of nutrient loss is notably low based on the premise of straw transferred into biochar; and (3) transforming mechanisms of pH, N, P and K are also involved in the biochar preparation process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject Waste Science and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-59792DOI: 10.1016/j.cjche.2016.09.009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85008441594OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-59792DiVA: diva2:1037619