Reintroduction failure is common after double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges among adolescents
Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
There has been a lack of research on adolescents' who undergo double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. The aim of this study was to investigate food allergic adolescents' experiences and consequences of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges.
This qualitative, descriptive interview study included 17 adolescents aged 14-15 years with total elimination of cows' milk, hens' eggs or cod due to food allergies. The participants, who were initially identified from a large population-based cohort study, were interviewed 18 months after completing their challenges.
The double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge proved to be a complex experience for the adolescents, involving fear of potential reactions and the hope that the food could be reintroduced. Experiences during the challenge were described in three themes: facing fears in a secure environment, being hesitant but curious about unknown tastes and waiting for unknown food reactions. Experiences after the challenge were desribed in two themes: gaining control and freedom and continuing old habits. A negative challenge was not consistently associated with the reintroduction of the challenged food.
This study highlighted the importance of considering the adolescents' expectations and experiences of the challenge and the reintroduction process to ensure desirable changes in their dietary habits. Follow ups should be performed regardless of the outcome of challenges
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Nursing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60345DOI: 10.1111/apa.13673PubMedID: 27859574ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85006456717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60345DiVA: diva2:1046081