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Reintroduction failure is common among adolescents after double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, The OLIN Unit, Umeå University.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1630-3167
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine/the OLIN unit, Umeå University.
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Number of Authors: 5
2017 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 106, no 2, 282-287 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM:

There has been a lack of research on adolescents' who undergo double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges. The aim of this study was to investigate food allergic adolescents' experiences and consequences of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges.

METHODS:

This qualitative, descriptive interview study included 17 adolescents aged 14-15 years with total elimination of cows' milk, hens' eggs or cod due to food allergies. The participants, who were initially identified from a large population-based cohort study, were interviewed 18 months after completing their challenges.

RESULTS:

The double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge proved to be a complex experience for the adolescents, involving fear of potential reactions and the hope that the food could be reintroduced. Experiences during the challenge were described in three themes: facing fears in a secure environment, being hesitant but curious about unknown tastes and waiting for unknown food reactions. Experiences after the challenge were desribed in two themes: gaining control and freedom and continuing old habits. A negative challenge was not consistently associated with the reintroduction of the challenged food.

CONCLUSION:

This study highlighted the importance of considering the adolescents' expectations and experiences of the challenge and the reintroduction process to ensure desirable changes in their dietary habits. Follow ups should be performed regardless of the outcome of challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 106, no 2, 282-287 p.
National Category
Other Health Sciences Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60345DOI: 10.1111/apa.13673ISI: 000397337100017PubMedID: 27859574Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85016283378OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60345DiVA: diva2:1046081
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-02-24 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2016-11-11 Created: 2016-11-11 Last updated: 2017-08-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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