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It's about me: patients’ Experiences of Patient Participation in the Web Behavior Change Program for Activity in Combination With Multimodal Pain Rehabilitation
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab. Department of Primary Health Care, Region Norrbotten, Piteå.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6032-665X
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0112-4657
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab. Department of Public Health, Norrbotten County Council, Luleå.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8963-2247
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6975-8344
2017 (English)In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, ISSN 1438-8871, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 19, no 1, 62-72 p., e22Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Patients’ participation in their health care is recognized as a key component in high-quality health care. Persons with persistent pain are recommended treatments with a cognitive approach from a biopsychosocial explanation of pain, in which a patient’s active participation in their rehabilitation is in focus. Web-based interventions for pain management have the potential to increase patient participation by enabling persons to play a more active role in rehabilitation. However, little is known about patients’ experiences of patient participation in Web-based interventions in clinical practice.

Objective

The objective of our study was to explore patients’ experiences of patient participation in a Web Behavior Change Program for Activity (Web-BCPA) in combination with multimodal rehabilitation (MMR) among patients with persistent pain in primary health care.

Methods

Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 women and 4 men, with a mean age of 45 years. Data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

Results

One theme, “It’s about me,” and 4 categories, “Take part in a flexible framework of own priority,” “Acquire knowledge and insights,” “Ways toward change,” and “Personal and environmental conditions influencing participation,” were developed. Patient participation was depicted as being confirmed in an individualized and structured rehabilitation framework of one’s own choice. Being confirmed was fundamental to patient participation in the interaction with the Web-BCPA and with the health care professionals in MMR. To acquire knowledge and insights about pain and their life situation, through self-reflection in the solitary work in the Web-BCPA and through feedback from the health care professionals in MMR, was experienced as patient participation by the participants. Patient participation was described as structured ways to reach their goals of behavior change, which included analyzing resources and restrictions, problem solving, and evaluation. The individual’s emotional and cognitive resources and restrictions, as well as health care professionals and significant others’ attitudes and behavior influenced patient participation in the rehabilitation. To some extent there were experiences of restrained patient participation through the great content of the Web-BCPA.

Conclusions

Patient participation was satisfactory in the Web-BCPA in combination with MMR. The combined treatment was experienced to increase patient participation in the rehabilitation. Being confirmed through self-identification and finding the content of the Web-BCPA trustworthy was emphasized. Patient participation was experienced as a learning process leading to new knowledge and insights. Higher user control regarding the timing of the Web-BCPA and therapist guidance of the content may further increase patient participation in the combined treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 19, no 1, 62-72 p., e22
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60937DOI: 10.2196/jmir.5970ISI: 000392330900005PubMedID: 28100440Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85012895275OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60937DiVA: diva2:1052328
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-04-06 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2016-12-06 Created: 2016-12-06 Last updated: 2017-04-20Bibliographically approved

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