Modelling of Damage and its use in Assessment of a PrestressedConcrete Bridge
Number of Authors: 8
2016 (English)In: IABSE CONGRESS, STOCKHOLM, 2016: Challenges in Design and Construction of an Innovativeand Sustainable Built Environment / [ed] Lennart Elfgren, Johan Jonsson, Mats Karlsson, Lahja Rydberg-Forssbeck and Britt Sigfrid, CH-8093 Zürich, 2016, 2093-2108 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
A five-span prestressed concrete bridge has been subjected to a loading test up to failure in Kiruna, Sweden. The bridge was 55 years old and had a length of 121.5 m. The test has been used to validate and calibrate existing nonlinear finite element programs for predicting the shear behavior of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. Two 3D finite element (FE) models of the Kiruna Bridge are built in commercial software Abaqus, one using shell-elements and one using a combination of shell and beam elements. Predictions obtained from these two models are well consistent with mode shapes and eigenfrequencies computed from acceleration measurements on the bridge before and after loading it to failure.The shear failure of the bridge is also simulated using the built-in concrete damage plasticity (CDP)model in Abaqus. The predicted load-displacement curve is in good agreement with the measurements. Verification of the CDP model is conducted at element and member level with two different damage parameter evolutions. The verification indicates that the damage parameter will affect the predicted shear behavior. It does not seem to be reliable to adopt the CDP model to simulate the shear behavior in the present research. A long term goal is to use use the measured mode shapes, eigenfrequencies and FE models for evaluating methods for damage identification. Such methods are important for maintenance of different structures, for extending their life span and for better knowledge of their load carrying capacity. The use is described of so-called sparse regularized finite element method updating (FEMU) methods. Some important properties of such methods are demonstrated using simulations on a Kirchhoff plate. For instance, the simulations suggest that both eigenfrequencies and mode shapes should be used for precise localization of the damage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CH-8093 Zürich, 2016. 2093-2108 p.
Concrete damage plasticity model, refined shell element model, shear failure test, shear behavior, five-span prestressed concrete bridge, FEM updating, sparse regularization, Kirchhoff plate.
Research subject Structural Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60996ISBN: 978-3-85748-144-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-60996DiVA: diva2:1055066
19th IABSE Congress, Stockholm 2016, September 21-23