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Timber under Real Fire Conditions: the Influence of Oxygen Content and Gas Velocity on the Charring Behavior
Swiss Federal Institute of Technoogy, Institute Structural engineering, Zurich.
SP Wood Building Technology Sustainable Built Environm, Borås.
University of Trieste.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
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Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: Structures in Fire 2016: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference - June 8-10, 2016, Princeton University / [ed] Garlock, Maria E. Moreyra; Kodur, Venkatesh K. R., Lancaster: DEStech Publications , 2016, 692-699 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As for any building material, verification of fire resistance is mandatory for separating and loadbearing timber members. While non-standard fire design for steel members has long tradition, the corresponding possibilities for timber members are limited. Reasons for this can be found in the degree of complexity of the material and the limited research done in the field. This paper summarizes selected outcomes of tests investigating the influences on the charring behavior varying the oxygen content and the gas velocity. Besides the charring rate the char layer depth was the focus of this study to investigate char contraction (consumption of the char layer). In general, measurements are in line with previous results reported in literature. Results show that charring is predominantly depending on the fire compartment temperature. Results show further that for gas oxygen contents below 15 percent the gas velocity has no influence on the charring. However, at higher oxygen rates char contraction was observed affecting the protective function of the char layer. Thus, the charring and the temperature distribution was affected and the residual cross-section was decreased. In fully developed fires increased charring due to char contraction may not be observed due to the low oxygen contents. Contrary, in travelling fires or in the decay phase char contraction may be considered. This may have significant impact to Performance Based Design using non-standard temperature fire curves where the complete fire duration has to be taken into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lancaster: DEStech Publications , 2016. 692-699 p.
National Category
Building Technologies
Research subject
Steel Structures
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61217ISI: 000389021500083ISBN: 978-1-60595-320-5OAI: diva2:1059161
9th International Conference on Structures in Fire (SiF), Princeton, NJ, June 8-10, 2016
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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