Risk factors among people surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and their thoughts about lifestyle
Number of Authors: 5
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 12, no Suppl. 1, S13- p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Aims: To describe risk factors among people surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and their thoughts about lifestyle.Design: An explanatory mixed methods design was used.Methods: All people registered in the northern Sweden Monica myocardial registry between the year 1989 to 2007 who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with validated myocardial infarction aetiology and were alive at the 28th day after the onset of symptoms (n=71) were included in the quantitative analysis. Thirteen of them participated in interviews conducted in 2011 and analysed via a qualitative manifest content analysis.Results: The quantitative results showed that about 60% of the people had no history of ischemic heart disease or hypertension before the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest whereas 25% and 17% had been diagnosed with myocardial infarction and diabetes mellitus, respectively. Eighty percent of the people had total cholesterol levels greater than 5.0 mmol/l and/or were taking lipid lowering medications. Almost half were smokers and overweight. The qualitative results are presented in three categories ‘descriptions of lifestyle after surviving’, ‘modifying the lifestyle to the new life situation’ and ‘a changed view on life’. The participants described that their lifestyle focused on the importance of being needed and meaning something to others, feeling well and doing things of their choice. They tried to find a reason why the cardiac arrest happened and make appropriate lifestyle changes although they made their own assessmnet of risk behaviours. The participants expressed being grateful for a second chance at life and tried to have a positive outlook on life.Conclusions: For most people in this study out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was the first symptom of coronary heart disease. In the interviews the participants expressed that they were well informed about their cardiovascular risk factors and the benefits of risk factor treatment. In spite of that, some of the patricipants chose to ignore this knowledge to some extent and preferred to live a ‘good life’. A life where risk factor treatment played a minor part. The results of this study indicates that health care workers and patients should focus more on the meaningful and joyful things in life and try to adopt healthy behaviours and lifestyle changes linked to these things.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 12, no Suppl. 1, S13- p.
Research subject Nursing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61263OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-61263DiVA: diva2:1059984