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Green conversion of municipal solid wastes into fuels and chemicals
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3687-6173
Department of Chemistry, Umeå University.
Department of Chemistry, Umeå University.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7500-2367
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Number of Authors: 5
2017 (English)In: Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, ISSN 0717-3458, E-ISSN 0717-3458, Vol. 26, 69-83 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Presently, the society is facing a serious challenge for the effective management of the increasing amount of produced municipal solid wastes. The accumulated waste has caused a series of environmental problems such as uncontrolled release of greenhouse gases. Moreover, the increasing amount has resulted in a shortage of areas available for waste disposal, resulting in a non-sustainable waste management. These problems led to serious public concerns which in turn resulted in political actions aiming to reduce the amount of the waste ending in the environment. These actions aim to promote sustainable waste management solutions. The main objective of these policies is to promote recycling of municipal solid waste and also the conversion of waste to energy and valuable chemicals. These conversions can be performed by using either biological (e.g. anaerobic digestion) or thermochemical processes (e.g. pyrolysis). The research efforts during the last years have been fruitful and many publications demonstrate the effective conversation of municipal solid waste to energy and chemicals. These processes are discussed in the current review article together with the change of waste policy that was implemented in EU during the last years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 26, 69-83 p.
National Category
Bioprocess Technology
Research subject
Biochemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61595DOI: 10.1016/j.ejbt.2017.01.004ISI: 000397905100012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85015031998OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-61595DiVA: diva2:1067879
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-07 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-01-23 Created: 2017-01-23 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Matsakas, LeonidasRova, UlrikaChristakopoulos, Paul

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