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Sorption performances of TiO(OH)(H2PO4)·H2O in synthetic and mine waters
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
Tananaev Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Rare Elements and Mineral Raw Materials, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Chemical Engineering.
Number of Authors: 4
2017 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 7, no 4, 1989-2001 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

¨The sorption properties toward Cu2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Mn2+ and Co2+ ions, in synthetic and industrial waters with pH of 3.9–7.2, and the chemical stability of a titanium phosphate ion-exchanger synthesized at mild conditions and containing solely –H2PO4 groups, TiO(OH)(H2PO4)·H2O (TiP1) are investigated. TiP1 displays the highest Na+ uptake (6.3 meq. g−1) among TiP ion-exchangers and a maximum sorption capacity of ca. 1.55 mmol g−1 (i.e. 3.1 meq. g−1) for the studied ions, which is higher than the ones reported for exchangers composed predominantly of –HPO4 groups. The sorption isotherms were best described by the Temkin model while the Langmuir and the Freundlich models appear to be insufficient in describing all data. TiP1 shows fast kinetics with an equilibrium reached within 10–20 minutes and diffusion processes play a role in the initial period of sorption that is overpowered by chemisorption reactions in the overall rate controlling step. The selectivity order of the metal ions on TiP1 is determined as: Cu2+ > Zn2+ ≫ Mn2+ > Co2+, Ni2+, following the order of stability of MOH+ complexes and the corresponding activation parameters for a water molecule exchange in [M(H2O)6]2+ ions. The surface sorption data are in good correlation with the EDS data for these systems, supporting the idea of chemical sorption with no metal hydroxide precipitation. Additional sorption studies show that the quality of industrial waters after sorption reaches the EU recommendation for drinking water. The faster kinetics and the higher exchange capacity reveal that the presence of –H2PO4 groups strongly enhances the sorption properties of titanium phosphate sorbents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, no 4, 1989-2001 p.
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry of Interfaces
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61629DOI: 10.1039/C6RA25410AISI: 000393748000028ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85009723957OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-61629DiVA: diva2:1068495
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-01-30 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-01-25 Created: 2017-01-25 Last updated: 2017-03-03Bibliographically approved

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