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Disfavored in Life, Favored in Death?: Later-Life Mortality Differences (Ages 30+) between Migrants and Natives in Antwerp, Rotterdam and Stockholm, 1850-1930
Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.
Katholieke University Leuven, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Sociological Research .
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Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 41, no 1, 257-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Differences in adult mortality were studied between natives and domestic and international migrants in three Northwestern European cities during different stages of the epidemiological transition. Event history analysis was conducted for mortality risk at ages 30+ using life course data retrieved from three large historical demographic micro-level databases. Results provide ample evidence of healthy migrant effects in Antwerp, Rotterdam, and Stockholm, and the effect was particularly strong among domestic migrants in Rotterdam. The multivariate analyses show that the early life environment, as well as positive selection effects, contributed to the healthy migrant effect: As migration distance increased, mortality risks declined. Being born in the countryside and moving later in life to a city were also associated with lower mortality risks. Although migrants overall had lower mortality risks than natives, we discovered, four vulnerable sub-groups whose mortality risk not only increased, but eventually exceeded that of natives: (1) rural migrants in the period when major epidemics belonged to the past, (2) international migrants who lost their partner, (3) Italian and Italian-speaking Swiss men in Rotterdam, and (4) medium-distance domestic migrant men in Antwerp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 41, no 1, 257-290 p.
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61941DOI: 10.12759/hsr.41.2016.4.257-290ISI: 000391780100012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85014571624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-61941DiVA: diva2:1073424
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-02-10 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-02-10 Created: 2017-02-10 Last updated: 2017-03-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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