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Evaluation of roof-pillar interface and its effect on pillar stability in mine #101
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The company Rio Deserto is currently mining the famous Barro Branco coal seam in the state of Santa Catarina located in the south of Brazil. One of their coal mines, #101, is experiencing problems related to the pillars in one panel. The coal seam is slightly inclined and several pillars have developed damages on the down-slope side with focus in the top corner. Damage inspections revealed a thin clay layer located between the coal pillar and the overlying siltstone. The clay layer is believed to affect the pillar strength and possibly be a source for the observed damages. Aim of this report has been to evaluate different theories behind the damages, focusing on the clay interface using numerical modelling with FLAC. Using convergence data, a calibration of the model is initially done before evaluating the combination of different interface and coal strength while observing the pillar. In addition is an evaluation of influence from structures such as cleats/joints. The results clearly show that with a small shear displacement (1-4 mm) the pillar damages are almost symmetrical on the up-slope and down-slope side of the pillar. Structures can influence and contribute to non-symmetrical pillar damages although not perfectly matching the field observations. Furthermore, the results show that a forced shear movement (8-25 mm) best reproduce the observed damages. A shear movement along the interface is therefore believed to be source mechanism behind the pillar damages. The forced shearing can potentially be explained by factors not considered in the model such as horizontal stresses, disturbances by mining and presence of water within the clay.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
Roof-pillar interface, rock mechanics, coal, numerical modelling, FLAC
National Category
Mineral and Mine Engineering Geotechnical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62105DiVA, id: diva2:1076054
External cooperation
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Educational program
Civil Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-03-14 Created: 2017-02-21 Last updated: 2017-03-14Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(3285 kB)110 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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