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Making sense of open data re-use
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Computer Science. (Informationssystem)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1732-3896
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017.
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62277ISBN: 978-91-7583-833-5 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7583-834-2 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62277DiVA: diva2:1078300
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Shaping local open data initiatives: politics and implications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping local open data initiatives: politics and implications
2014 (English)In: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, ISSN 0718-1876, E-ISSN 0718-1876, Vol. 9, no 2, 17-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores different perspectives attributed to the open data initiatives and how these perspectives shape the opening-up process. A socio-technical lens, the social construction of technology, was used to analyse a qualitative cross-case study of two Swedish municipalities. Findings revealed two ways of interpreting open data initiatives: 1) as a platform for techno-economic growth and 2) as a platform for co-created societal growth. These two approaches addressed the municipalities respective contextual challenges and interests alongside national recommendations in their aims to realize the open data initiative. In doing so, they diverged into the evolvement toward two different ends: the realization of open data and the realization of open government. To excel the understanding of actions taken to meet these ends, an additional set of differences between these municipalities is provided within a sociotechnical framework that allows us to discuss diverging evolvements of open data initiatives based on agreed and non-agreed interpretations of what is believed to be constructed.

Keyword
Information technology - Other information technology, Informationsteknik - Övrig informationsteknik
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics; Enabling ICT (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12328 (URN)10.4067/S0718-18762014000200003 (DOI)b72f869e-3f96-4353-b0ec-6f026115b11b (Local ID)b72f869e-3f96-4353-b0ec-6f026115b11b (Archive number)b72f869e-3f96-4353-b0ec-6f026115b11b (OAI)
Projects
System förAnvändardriven TjänsteInnovation Etapp 2
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20131120 (joslas)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
2. Open innovation going societal?: Open data as boundary breaker
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Open innovation going societal?: Open data as boundary breaker
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The recent opening up of government data in open digital formats is believed to emerge into a new innovation scene. This paper analyses two Swedish open data initiatives from the perspective of inside-out open innovation in order to develop a better understanding of this on-going process from within a public sector perspective. Findings reveal that the governmental context leads to a dual mode of innovation; where the providers of resources for innovation act in an inside-out innovation process but the users of the very same resources acted as innovators in an outside-in innovation process. Together this formed a broad societal framework for innovation. For the cocreation of innovations, public sector participation was also found to vary on a passive-active scale, while the external data users as innovators were always actively involved. This study also contributes to business open innovation with its findings of open innovation on a societal level.

National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39749 (URN)e9c8aabd-0d7d-45dd-b662-e4fa0954aacf (Local ID)e9c8aabd-0d7d-45dd-b662-e4fa0954aacf (Archive number)e9c8aabd-0d7d-45dd-b662-e4fa0954aacf (OAI)
Conference
ISPIM Innovation Symposium : Innovation in The Asian Century 08/12/2013 - 11/12/2013
Projects
System förAnvändardriven TjänsteInnovation Etapp 2
Note
Godkänd; 2013; Bibliografisk uppgift: Nominated for best student paper award.; 20131120 (joslas)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
3. Relevant social groups for open data re-use and engagement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relevant social groups for open data re-use and engagement
(English)In: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62276 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2017-11-29
4. Open data in Europe: mapping user groups to future innovation impacts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Open data in Europe: mapping user groups to future innovation impacts
2014 (English)In: IRIS: Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Judith Molka-Danielsson; Jacob Nørbjerg; Jan Pries-Heje, AIS Electronic Library (AISeL) , 2014, 160-176 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study sets out to advance our understanding of how re-users are being portrayed in policy documents and in a set of topic reports. Drawing on user innovation theories, implications are discussed for the future innovation scene and its main identified user groups: companies and developers, researchers, journalists and non-governmental organisations. Findings reveal differences between the two types of documents, both in relation to the user groups presented and their role in the value chain. While the policy documents mainly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and emphasised economic values, the topic reports presented a much more diverse and heterogeneous view of open data users; revealing that there is no ‘one’ user group and impact’, rather, outcomes such as service innovation were related to all user groups. In particular, possible implications for innovation were related to three areas: 1) which re-user groups are acknowledged in the selected policy documents and topic reports?, 2) where in the data value chain are the different re-users placed and what value are they expected to generate?, 3) how might the current way of portraying re-users in policy documents and topic reports influence the shaping of the emerging open data innovation scene? For conclusion, this paper points to the identified simplistic view of user group’s relation to innovation in the policy documents as a possible hindrance for obtaining a broad innovation scene where heterogeneous innovations can emerge.

Abstract [en]

This study set out to advance our understanding of how user groups relate to open data impacts; as envisioned in policy documents and as reported in a set of topic reports. Drawing on user innovation theories, implications are discussed for the future innovation scene and its main identified user groups: companies and developers, researchers, journalists and non-governmental organisations. Findings reveal highly contradicting views of user groups, where the policy documents mainly explicitly acknowledged user groups belonging to the ICT sector and drawing on economic values. The topic reports on the other hand presented a much more diverse and heterogeneous view of open data users; revealing that there is no ‘one user group - one impact’ relation, rather, outcomes such as service innovation were seen in all user groups. In particular, possible implications for innovation was related to three areas; 1) what user groups were acknowledged, 2) what parts of the realisation process user groups engaged in, and, 3) what impact user groups were aiming for. For conclusion, this paper points to the identified simplistic view of user group’s relation to innovation in the policy documents as a possible hindrance for obtaining a broad innovation scene where heterogeneous innovations can emerge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AIS Electronic Library (AISeL), 2014
Series
IRIS Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, ISSN 1891-9863 ; 5
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37253 (URN)b3a8766d-4154-488a-a029-a1faf444d319 (Local ID)b3a8766d-4154-488a-a029-a1faf444d319 (Archive number)b3a8766d-4154-488a-a029-a1faf444d319 (OAI)
Conference
Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia : IRIS 37: Designing Human Technologies 10/08/2014 - 13/08/2014
Note
Godkänd; 2015; Bibliografisk uppgift: Nr. 5 (2014): "Designing Human Technologies"; 20141029 (joslas)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
5. Re-use of open data from public sector: Towards a definition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Re-use of open data from public sector: Towards a definition
2017 (English)In: Information Polity, ISSN 1570-1255, E-ISSN 1875-8754Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The current focus on releasing open data from public sector and allowing this data to be a resource in new outputs seems to be hampered in its evolvement. Despite the growing number of open data, re-use of this data is not reaching the expected levels. This paper sets out to increase our understanding of one of the key activities, the re-use of open data, in order to bring clarity into the processes for making open data the valuable resource it is believed to have a potential to. Specifically, this study aims at deriving at a definition of the yet blurry concept of open data re-use, and by doing so, contributes to form a foundation for future research on open data re-use.

By undertaking a literature review; current policies in Europe where analysed, three research streams on open data re-use were identified, the scope and boundaries of re-use as an activity well as the re-users of open data were investigated, before a definition finally were derived through a discussion. At the end, reflections on future research based on findings in the discussions are made to further excel our scholarly understanding of open data re-use and the long-term effects of it. 

Keyword
open data re-use, open government, open data, PSI-directive
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61237 (URN)
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2017-11-29
6. Mobile e-Services and Open Data in e-Government Processes: Concept and Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile e-Services and Open Data in e-Government Processes: Concept and Design
2015 (English)In: Mobile Web and Intelligent Information Systems: 12th International Conference, MobiWis 2015, Rome, Italy, August 24-26, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Muhammad Younas; Irfan Awan; Massimo Mecella, New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015, 149-160 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The traditional service life cycle starts with the formulation of required needs and ends with the adoption and ownership of the service. In an e-government context, this takes the form of citizens consuming services provided by the public sector bodies. We examine how a combination of mobile e-services and open data can extend and allow possible citizen-driven continuation of the service life cycle. The chosen method is a concept-driven approach, manifesting our concept in a digital prototype, which allows citizens to generate and acquire open data, as well as develop and publish their own e-services

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2015
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 9228
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-32863 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-23144-0_14 (DOI)77ee314a-5b09-4c17-a17e-fcf0b001bc8e (Local ID)978-3-319-23143-3 (ISBN)978-3-319-23144-0 (ISBN)77ee314a-5b09-4c17-a17e-fcf0b001bc8e (Archive number)77ee314a-5b09-4c17-a17e-fcf0b001bc8e (OAI)
Conference
International Conference, MobiWis : 24/08/2015 - 26/08/2015
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20150818 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
7. Mobile e-services and open data in e-government processes: transforming citizen involvement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobile e-services and open data in e-government processes: transforming citizen involvement
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications & Services (iiWAS2015) / [ed] Maria Indrawan-Santiago; Matthias Steinbauer; Ismail Khalil; Gabriele Anderst-Kotsis, New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015, 8Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Mobile computing is one of the most important paradigms to influence and enhance modern e-services, mainly due to its anytime and anywhere availability adding value to the delivered service. In a traditional e-government context, the service life cycle takes the form of citizens consuming services provided by public sector bodies. In this paper, we use a novel concept combining mobile e-services and open data to extend and allow possible citizen-driven continuation of the service life cycle. The concept is evaluated throughout the design process, and also becomes the subject of a focus group. Our most important conclusions are that the concept design extends the service life cycle within the public sector context, and also creates new entrances for citizens to participate in generating and acquiring open data, thus transforming citizens' involvement. The result is increased co-operation, as well as increased adoption and availability of data and e-services, enhancing citizen participation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Information systems; Enabling ICT (AERI); Mobile and Pervasive Computing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-34766 (URN)10.1145/2837185.2837197 (DOI)90c207f8-4c61-46d2-b3d4-ec42c4f5c05c (Local ID)978-1-4503-3491-4 (ISBN)90c207f8-4c61-46d2-b3d4-ec42c4f5c05c (Archive number)90c207f8-4c61-46d2-b3d4-ec42c4f5c05c (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications & Services : 11/12/2015 - 13/12/2015
Projects
A belief-rule-based DSS to assess flood risks by using wireless sensor networks
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20160414 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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