Shoulder pain after stroke – experiences, consequences in daily life and effects of interventions: a qualitative study
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Purpose: To describe experiences of shoulder pain after stroke, how pain affects daily life and perceived effects of interventions.
Method: A qualitative interview study including 13 community-dwelling persons (six women; median age 65 years) with persistent shoulder pain after stroke.
Results: Three categories emerged from the content analysis. In “Multiple pain characteristics” an insidious pain onset was reported. The pain existed both day and night and could be located around the shoulder girdle but also have radiation to the arm and hand. An explanation of the pain was seldom given. In “Limitations caused by the pain” it was described how the pain negatively influenced personal care, household activities and leisure, but also could lead to emotional reactions. In “Multiple pain interventions with various effects” a variety of interventions were described. Self-management interventions with gentle movements were perceived most effective. A restraint attitude to pain medication due to side effects was reported.
Conclusions: Shoulder pain after stroke can lead to a variety of pain characteristics. As the pain is complex and may affect many important areas in a person’s life, multidisciplinary rehabilitation interventions are important.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Research subject Physiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62313DOI: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1290699OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62313DiVA: diva2:1078577