Optimization of multi-source complex district heating network, a case study
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 126, 53-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The level of complexity for a district heating network increases with the maturity of the network, and this affects the pattern of the distribution of the hot water from the heat production sites to the end users. The majority of district heating systems are also multi-source networks, typically supported with heat from one main production site and other smaller satellite sites that are activated when required. In general, local energy companies have a lack of knowledge regarding how a meshed network behaves when different production sites are operated. The schedule of heat generation at the different sites is often based on staff experience and some general rules of thumb.
In this paper a method for modeling and simulating complex district networks is further developed in order to optimize the total operating costs of a multi-source network, with constraints on the pressure and temperature levels in the user areas and on the heat generation characteristics at each production site.
The optimization results show that the usage of the cheapest resources is preferred to a distributed generation of heat, even if some of the pipes may exceed the recommended thermal load capacity. The main site water supply temperature is found to be the lowest allowed by the constraint on the temperature of the water supplied to the end users, since the decrease of the costs associated with the lower thermal losses in the network is not counterbalanced by the increase of those associated with the pumping power of a larger water mass flow rate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 126, 53-63 p.
Research subject Energy Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62320DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.03.018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85014911271OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62320DiVA: diva2:1078805
Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-15 (rokbeg)2017-03-062017-03-062017-03-22Bibliographically approved