Geochemistry, petrogenesis and tectonic setting of middle Eocene hypabyssal rocks of the Torud–Ahmad Abad magmatic belt: An implication for evolution of the northern branch of Neo-Tethys Ocean in Iran
Number of Authors: 5
2017 (English)In: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, ISSN 0375-6742, E-ISSN 1879-1689, Vol. 178, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Torud–Ahmad Abad magmatic belt is located in the south-southeast of Shahrood (East of Semnan Province, NE Iran) and lies in the northern part of the Central Iran Structural Zone (CISZ), where a thick sequence of Paleocene to middle Eocene volcanic and volcanosedimentary rocks cropped out. This sequence was intruded by numerous dikes, hypabyssal igneous domes and one small gabbrodioritic intrusion, with compositions ranging from trachybasaltic andesite, trachyandesite, dacite, trachyte, gabbro, diorite and syenite. Various enclaves (cogentic and noncogenetic) with different composition, size and shape have been found in these domes and dikes. These enclaves are evidence of magma mixing and crustal contamination. Geochemically, the studied rocks exhibit a calc-alkaline to high potassium calc-alkaline affinity, and are enriched in LREE and LILE and depleted in HREE and HSFE. Other geochemical characteristics, such as a silica content varying between 59–63 wt% and 51–59 wt%, a Na2O content > 3 wt%, Al2O3 content > 16 wt%, Yb < 1.8 ppm, and Y < 18 ppm, make it possible to classify these rocks as high silica adakite in the Ahmad Abad region and low silica adakite in the Sahl-Razzeh region or at least, adakitic like rocks. Also, depletion of Nb and Ti, and high enrichment in Rb, Ba, K and Th, imply crustal contamination of the mentioned adakitic domes. The petrographical and geochemical evidence show that the magma forming of the high silica adakites has been originated from partial melting of the subducted oceanic slab of Neo-Tethys (Sabzevar–Darouneh branch) in amphibolite to eclogite facies and the low silica adakites formed by partial melting of the metasomatized or modified mantle wedge, above the subduction zone. Gabbroic to syenitic rocks are the products of fractional crystallization of basic magma which originated from a nearly non-modified mantle wedge above the subducted oceanic slab. U-Pb dating of the dacitic and andesitic rocks belong to hypabyssal rocks yielded age of 41.4 ± 0.3 Ma, and 35.5 ± 0.2 Ma respectively and consistent to Middle to Late Eocene.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 178, 1-15 p.
Research subject Ore Geology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62583DOI: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.03.008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85016258071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62583DiVA: diva2:1083430
Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-29 (rokbeg)2017-03-212017-03-212017-04-10Bibliographically approved