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Partisan politics, welfare states, and environmental policy outputs in the OECD countries, 1975–2005
Department of Political Science, University of Amsterdam.
Department of Political Science, Stockholm University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9554-788X
2017 (English)In: Regulation and Governance, ISSN 1748-5983, E-ISSN 1748-5991Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Building on the burgeoning literature on the association between the welfare state and the environmental state, this study empirically examines how the politics of the former has affected the development of the latter. We suggest that the size of the welfare state shapes the calculus of environmental policy costs by partisan governments. A generous welfare state lowers the costs perceived by the left-wing government, as large redistributive spending allows the government to mitigate the adverse impact of the new environmental policy on its core supporters, industrial workers. A generous welfare state also implies diminished marginal political returns from additional welfare commitment by the left-wing government, which lowers the opportunity costs of environmental policy expansion. To the contrary, because of lower overall regulatory and taxation pressure, a small welfare state reduces the costs of environmental policy expansion as perceived by a right-wing government. Our theoretical narrative is supported in a dynamic panel data analysis of environmental policy outputs in 25 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member states during the period 1975–2005.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62709DOI: 10.1111/rego.12138Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85014593539OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62709DiVA: diva2:1085016
Available from: 2017-03-27 Created: 2017-03-27 Last updated: 2017-08-16

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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